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Table 7 Effects of dietary BSF larva meal inclusion on the histopathological scores of the piglets (n = 12, end of the trial)

From: Partially defatted black soldier fly larva meal inclusion in piglet diets: effects on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profile, gut morphology and histological features

Items  BSF0 BSF5 BSF10 SEM P-value
Stomach 1.17 1.06 1.33 0.122 0.770
Gut 2.79 3.26 3.08 0.26 0.933
Liver 0.64 0.53 0.68 0.115 0.576
Kidney 0.82 0.96 1.00 0.064 0.381
Spleen Absence of alterations Absence of alterations
Lung
  1. BSF, black soldier fly; SEM, standard error of the mean; BSF0 = control diet; BSF5 = 5% inclusion level 5% inclusion level of black soldier fly meal; BSF10 = 10% inclusion level of Black Soldier Fly meal
  2. The data are expressed as the mean of the scores (0 = absence of alterations; 1 = mild alterations; 2 = moderate alterations; 3 = severe alterations). The gut scores resulted from the mean of the three gut segments scores (in turn obtained from the adding of the mucosa and submucosa scores)