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Table 4 Serum immune function and antioxidant status of piglets as affected by dietary AGP and MOA supplementation 1

From: Microencapsulated essential oils combined with organic acids improves immune antioxidant capacity and intestinal barrier function as well as modulates the hindgut microbial community in piglets

Item Ctrl AGP MOA SEM P-value
Day 11
 IgA, μg/mL 19.58 19.51 19.74 0.72 0.97
 IgG, mg/mL 9.16 9.07 9.23 0.41 0.96
 IgM, μg/mL 7.06 7.10 8.05 0.34 0.18
 IL-1β, ng/L 92.68 94.21 92.86 1.71 0.80
 IL-10, ng/L 17.71b 17.83b 21.69a 0.61 0.02
 IFN-γ, pg/mL 196.74 197.34 195.90 6.75 0.98
 TNF-α, ng/L 56.78 58.79 56.88 1.02 0.38
 GSH-Px, μmol/L 8.09b 12.24ab 15.50a 0.83 0.01
 SOD, U/mL 109.56 124.03 129.65 4.36 0.07
 T-AOC, U/mL 10.41a 7.83b 11.16a 0.45 0.01
 MDA, nmol/mL 1.48 1.46 1.30 0.10 0.46
Day 21
 IgA, μg/mL 18.04 19.26 18.64 0.54 0.37
 IgG, ng/L 8.57 8.22 8.60 0.14 0.22
 IgM, μg/mL 7.17 7.91 8.07 0.21 0.07
 IL-1β, ng/L 102.81 101.70 103.90 2.19 0.79
 IL-10, ng/L 17.19 18.62 19.57 0.47 0.06
 IFN-γ, pg/mL 194.25 201.16 200.61 6.34 0.71
 TNF-α, ng/L 50.63 50.88 48.65 1.05 0.36
 GSH-Px, μmol/L 13.05 15.46 17.00 1.05 0.13
 SOD, U/mL 125.66b 143.28b 169.51a 5.08 0.01
 T-AOC, U/mL 10.46 10.62 10.93 0.72 0.90
 MDA, nmol/mL 1.37 1.53 1.27 0.11 0.32
  1. IgA, IgG, IgM, immunoglobulin A, G, M; IL-1β, IL-10, interleukin-1β, 10; IFN-γ, gamma-interferon; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor-α; T-AOC, total antioxidant capacity; MDA, malondialdehyde; GSH-Px, glutathione peroxidase; SOD, serum superoxide dismutase
  2. a,bMeans in the same row with different superscripts are significantly different (P < 0.05)
  3. 1Control (Ctrl): a corn soybean meal-based diet. AGP: Ctrl + 75 mg/kg chlortetracycline. MOA: Ctrl + 1500 mg/kg MOA. n = 4