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Table 6 Nutritional strategies to mitigate mycotoxins toxicitya

From: Invited review: Remediation strategies for mycotoxin control in feed

Mycotoxins Nutritional strategies Mechanisms Reference
AFB1 Selenium, vitamins C, vitamins E, vitamin B1, carotenoids, silymarin, curcumin, butylated hydroxytoluene, alpha lipoic acid, quercetin, resveratrol, rhamnoides oil Mainly by improving antioxidant capacity and detoxification enzyme activities to alleviate the harm of AFB1 to livestock and poultry [11, 178,179,180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188]
DON Selenium, vitamins C, vitamins E, silymarin, curcumin, functional amino acid (methionine, glutamic acid, arginine, aspartate and lysine), antimicrobial peptide, astragalus Primarily through enhancement of antioxidant capacity and immune functions to improve the resistance to DON in livestock and poultry. [179, 180, 189,190,191,192,193,194]
ZEN Retinol, as-corbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, silymarin, soybean isoflavone Alleviated the toxic effects of ZEN by improving the antioxidant capacity and inhibiting the estrogenic toxicity of ZEN. [17, 190, 195]
FB1 Vitamin E, silymarin, curcumin, soybean isoflavone Mainly via counteracting the oxidative stress caused by FB1 to livestock. [180, 196, 197]
  1. aAFB1 Aflatoxin B1, DON deoxynivalenol, ZEN zearalenone, FB1 fumonisin B1