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Table 2 Impact of dietary lignocellulose on broiler growth performance

From: Lignocellulose as an insoluble fiber source in poultry nutrition: a review

Feed1 Age, d LC Inclusion2, % Final BW3, g AFI4, g AWG5, g FCR Reference
1 21 0   1057 582 1.81a [26]
0.25   1049 596 1.75a
0.50   1033 615 1.67b
0.75   1030 618 1.66b
1–42 0   4016 1915b 2.1a
0.25   4086 2084a 1.96b
0.50   4030 2073a 1.94b
0.75   4156 2147a 1.93b
1 1–42 0 2422   80.2 1.865 [27]
0.25 2423   80.7 1.876
0.5 2436   81.0 1.854
1.0 2429   81.0 1.875
3 7–14 0   161 69.2b 2.33a [28]
1   150 78.0a 1.92b
2   150 71.7b 2.09ab
14–21 0   326 128 2.55a
1   299 152 1.98b
2   291 145 2.03b
1 1–10 0   294 277 1.059 [24]
1   292 271 1.078
2   294 276 1.065
1–35 0   3770 2741 1.376
1   3778 2716 1.392
2   3797 2719 1.397
1 1–21 0   1085 860 1.265b [29]
1   1054 815 1.297a
1 1–7 0   129b 121c 1.07a [30]
0.4   132b 128ab 1.03b
0.66   140a 132a 1.06a
0.67   130b 126bc 1.03b
14–21 0   590 396b 1.49
0.4   588 402b 1.46
0.66   621 432a 1.44
0.67   594 403b 1.47
28–42 0 2428b 2295a 1284 1.79a
0.4 2423b 2084b 1245 1.67b
0.66 2611a 2186c 1310 1.67b
0.67 2495b 2182bc 1292 1.69b
1 1–35 0 2431 3459 2390 1.42 [22]
0.88 2370 3386 2329 1.42
0.88 2490 3452 2448 1.39
1 13–25 0 1080a 0.2509 0.17310   [31]
5 995ab 0.2589 0.16410  
10 928bc 0.2589 0.15310  
15 836c 0.2709 0.14910  
1 1–35 0 2154bc 1293ab 650 1.58a,11 [32]
0.05 2201b 1266bc 631 1.51b,11
0.1 2305a 1314a 667 1.50b,11
0.2 2142c 1266c 626 1.55ab,11
2 70–91 0.8 1658 899 454 1.98 [25]
5 1639 992 467 2.15
10 1618 905 432 2.10
  1. 1 Feed formulation according to Fig. 1; 2 Information on the LC product used, if specified, is given in additional file 1;3 BW = body weight; 4AFI = average feed intake; 5 AWG = average weight gain; 6 LC was included in the diet at the expense of 0.3% soybean meal and 0.3% maize; 7 LC was included in the diet at the expense of 0.6% soybean meal; 8 Two different lignocellulose products were compared; 9 Indicated as average daily feed intake in (g/d)/BW; 10 Indicated as average daily gain in g/d/BW; 11 Indicated as g weight gain/g feed consumption; a,b,cMeans with different superscripts are significantly different