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Table 1 Composition, nutrient and energy contents of the experimental diets

From: Comprehensive evaluation of the metabolic effects of insect meal from Tenebrio molitor L. in growing pigs by transcriptomics, metabolomics and lipidomics

  CON IM5 IM10
Components, g/kg
 Wheat 380 380 380
 Barley 250 250 250
 Soybean extraction meal 147.8 73.9
 Insect meal 50 100
 Broad bean 110 110 110
 Soybean oil 15.0 15.0 15.0
 Rapseed oil 4.40 2.10
 Safflower oil 3.00 1.60
 Corn starch 3.90 3.00 1.50
 Cellulose 28.0 56.5
 Mineral and vitamin premixa 75.0 75.0 75.0
 Monocalcium phosphate 6.00 6.00 6.00
 Calcium carbonate 0.70 1.10 1.60
L-lysine 0.70 1.00 1.40
DL-methionine 0.10 0.10
L-threonine 0.20 0.10
L-tryptophan 0.10 0.10 0.20
L-glutamic acid 3.20 2.60 1.90
L-cysteine 0.40 0.80
 Titanium dioxide 5.00 5.00 5.00
Analyzed crude nutrient and energy content
 Dry matter, % of FM 87.6 87.9 88.5
 Crude protein, % of DM 22.2 22.7 22.8
 Crude fat, % of DM 4.4 4.3 4.3
 Crude ash, % of DM 5.8 5.4 5.0
 Crude fiber, % of DM 6.3 8.0 9.7
 Gross energy, MJ/kg DM 19.5 19.3 19.6
  1. aThe mineral and vitamin premix (Bergin TopFit F 75; Bergophor, Kulmbach, Germany) provided per kg diet: 4.35 g, lysin; 1.13 g, methionine; 2.25 g, threonine; 0.19 g, tryptophan; 0.6 g, valine; 15,938 IU, vitamin A; 1875 IU, vitamin D3; 150 mg, vitamin E; 120 mg, iron, 150 mg, copper; 112.5 mg, zinc; 75 mg, manganese; 2.25 mg, iodate; 0.45 mg, selenium; 52.5 mg, L-carnitine
  2. Abbreviations: CON control group, DM dry matter, FM fresh matter, IM5 insect meal 5% group; IM10 insect meal 10% group