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Table 1 Effects of diet, mucin type, gut segment and crypt-villus fragment on mucin staining intensity in the broiler chickens

From: Black soldier fly and gut health in broiler chickens: insights into the relationship between cecal microbiota and intestinal mucin composition

Factord.f.fChi-squareP*
Crypts
 Dieta33.7510.290
 Mucin typeb222.566< 0.001
 Gut segmentc363.140< 0.001
 Fragmentd2247.461< 0.001
Villi
 Diet325.497< 0.001
 Mucin type24.5100.100
 Gut segmente2571.512< 0.001
 Fragment21.4880.475
  1. aFour dietary treatments: C = control; HI5 = 5% inclusion level of Hermetia illucens; HI10 = 10% inclusion level of Hermetia illucens; HI15 = 15% inclusion level of Hermetia illucens
  2. bThree types: neutral, acidic sialylated and acidic sulfated mucins
  3. cFour gut segments: duodenum, jejunum, ileum and caecum
  4. dThree fragments: base, midsection and tip
  5. eThree gut segments: duodenum, jejunum and ileum
  6. fDegrees of freedom
  7. *Statistical significance: P < 0.05. Statistical trend: P ≤ 0.10