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Table 2 Ingredient composition and analyzed composition of experimental diets containing 0.16% and 0.33% standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P, as-fed basisa

From: Influence of the concentration of dietary digestible calcium on growth performance, bone mineralization, plasma calcium, and abundance of genes involved in intestinal absorption of calcium in pigs from 11 to 22 kg fed diets with different concentrations of digestible phosphorus

Ingredient, % 0.16% STTD P 0.33% STTD P
 Total P, %: 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.53
 Total Ca, %: 0.21 0.45 0.70 0.95 1.19 0.21 0.45 0.70 0.95 1.19
 STTD Ca, %: 0.14 0.29 0.44 0.59 0.74 0.14 0.29 0.44 0.59 0.74
Corn 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00 46.00
Soybean meal 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50 32.50
Cornstarch 8.85 7.05 5.11 3.26 1.43 8.39 6.59 4.71 2.81 0.97
Lactose 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00
Choice white grease 1.17 2.45 3.65 4.85 0.30 1.47 2.70 3.95 5.15
Calcium carbonate 0.16 0.79 1.45 2.10 2.73 0.16 0.79 1.44 2.10 2.73
Monocalcium phosphate 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
Monosodium phosphate 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.74 0.75
Sodium bicarbonate 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 1.15 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56
L-Lys HCl 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
DL-Met 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
Thr 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
Val 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Sodium chloride 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
Vitamin mineral premixb 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Analyzed composition          
 GE, kcal/kg 3910 3846 3842 3966 3984 3846 3869 3926 3954 3991
 DM, % 87.04 87.48 87.70 87.88 88.04 87.92 88.08 88.06 87.24 87.63
 CP, % 18.80 19.00 19.23 18.93 19.50 19.42 19.15 18.47 19.17 18.86
 Ash, % 3.95 5.03 5.22 6.84 6.73 4.20 4.64 5.55 6.57 6.75
 AEEc, % 2.67 3.33 5.18 5.94 7.46 3.03 3.60 5.27 6.31 7.56
 ADF, % 3.67 4.22 2.84 4.87 3.43 3.25 3.40 3.21 3.23 3.59
 NDF, % 6.80 7.26 6.52 7.73 7.00 6.12 6.20 6.41 6.59 6.40
 Ca, % 0.26 0.46 0.74 0.93 1.27 0.21 0.46 0.72 1.02 1.24
 P, % 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.54 0.60 0.58 0.56 0.59
 Phytated, % 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.49
 Phytate-bound Pe, % 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
 Non-phytate Pf, % 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.40 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.45
 Na, % 0.46 0.47 0.47 0.49 0.47 0.42 0.50 0.47 0.46 0.47
 Cl, % 0.28 0.33 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.32 0.33 0.33
 K, % 0.92 0.91 0.89 0.92 0.95 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.90 0.90
 DCADg, mEq/kg 357 348 342 357 349 327 367 349 339 344
 Total Ca: total P 0.60:1 1.29:1 2.00:1 2.71:1 3.40:1 0.40:1 0.85:1 1.32:1 1.79:1 2.25:1
 Total Ca: STTD P 1.31:1 2.81:1 4.38:1 5.94:1 7.44:1 0.64:1 1.36:1 2.12:1 2.88:1 3.61:1
 STTD Ca: STTD P 0.88:1 1.81:1 2.75:1 3.69:1 4.63:1 0.42:1 0.88:1 1.33:1 1.79:1 2.24:1
  1. aAll diets were formulated to have the following quantities of NE (kcal/kg), CP (%), AA (expressed as standardized ileal digestible AA; %), and minerals (%): NE, 2520; CP, 19.30; Arg, 1.20; His, 0.47; Ile, 0.72; Leu, 1.42; Lys, 1.23; Met, 0.40; Phe, 0.84; Thr, 0.73; Trp, 0.22; Val, 0.78; Na, 0.47; Cl, 0.33; and K, 0.90. Values for NE and standardized ileal digestibility, and concentration of macro minerals in ingredients were from NRC, 2012. Value for STTD Ca and STTD P are calculated value. (NRC [1], Stein et al. [2])
  2. bThe vitamin-micromineral premix provided the following quantities of vitamins and micro minerals per kilogram of complete diet: vitamin A as retinyl acetate, 11136 IU; vitamin D3 as cholecalciferol, 2208 IU; vitamin E as DL-alpha tocopheryl acetate, 66 IU; vitamin K as menadione dimethylprimidinol bisulfite, 1.42 mg; thiamin as thiamine mononitrate, 0.24 mg; riboflavin, 6.59 mg; pyridoxine as pyridoxine hydrochloride, 24 mg; vitamin B12, 0.03 mg; D-pantothenic acid as D-calcium pantothenate, 23.5 mg; niacin, 44.1 mg; folic acid, 1.59 mg; biotin, 0.44 mg; Cu, 20 mg as copper sulfate; Fe, 126 mg as iron sulfate; I, 1.26 mg as ethylenediamine dihydriodide; Mn, 60.2 mg as manganous sulfate; Se, 0.25 mg as sodium selenite and selenium yeast; and Zn, 124.9 mg as zinc sulfate
  3. cAEE = acid hydrolyzed ether extract
  4. dPhytate was calculated by dividing the phytate-bound P by 0.282 (Tran and Sauvant [16])
  5. ePhytate-bound P values were calculated from analyzed phytate-bound P in the ingredients
  6. fNon-phytate P was calculated as the difference between total P and phytate-bound P
  7. gDCAD = dietary cation-anion difference. The DCAD was calculated as Na + K – Cl