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Table 1 Feed component and proximate composition of the experimental diets

From: Effect of diets supplemented with linseed alone or combined with vitamin E and selenium or with plant extracts, on Longissimus thoracis transcriptome in growing-finishing Italian Large White pigs

   D1 D2 D3 D4
1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd
Ingredients
 Extruded linseed, %   - - 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00
 Barley meal, %   85.50 91.00 80.50 86.60 80.30 86.40 80.50 86.60
 Soya bean meal, %   11.00 5.50 11.00 5.00 11.00 5.00 11.00 5.00
L-Lysine, %   0.31 0.29 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.29
DL-Methionine, %   0.06 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.06 0.03
L-Threonine, %   0.05 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.03
 Calcium carbonate, %   1.18 1.13 1.19 1.15 0.89 0.85 1.19 1.15
 Dicalcium phosphate, %   1.00 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Salt (NaCl), %   0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
 Vitamin/mineral pre-mix1, %   0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
 Vitamin E and Selenium pre-mix2, %   - - - - 0.50 0.50 - -
 Plant extracts (Grape-skin + oregano), g/kg of feed   - - - - - - 3.00+2.00 3.00+2.00
Proximate composition
 Digestible energy, kcal/kg   3189 3168 3255 3235 3248 3228 3255 3235
 Crude protein, %   14.89 11.31 15.39 11.73 15.37 11.71 15.39 11.73
 Crude fat, %   1.75 1.74 3.58 3.58 3.58 3.58 3.58 3.58
 Crude fiber, %   4.33 4.20 4.62 4.48 4.61 4.47 4.62 4.48
 Ca, %   0.80 0.79 0.82 0.79 0.82 0.79 0.82 0.79
 P, %   0.54 0.54 0.55 0.53 0.55 0.53 0.55 0.53
Fatty acid composition, % (of total fatty acids)
 C14:0   0.47 0.39 0.25 0.21 0.25 0.22 0.26 0.22
 C16:0   29.01 24.25 18.13 15.20 17.78 15.59 18.80 15.31
 C16:1   0.49 0.34 0.17 0.15 0.17 0.17 0.02 0.15
 C18:0   2.03 1.51 4.00 3.18 3.88 3.34 4.16 3.23
 C18:1 n-9   14.92 13.50 20.60 18.12 20.24 18.45 21.29 18.26
 C18:2 n-6   47.55 53.67 33.50 34.69 33.91 34.09 32.52 34.47
 C18:3 n-3   4.77 5.70 22.83 28.02 23.25 27.73 22.38 27.95
 C20:1   0.74 0.64 0.53 0.41 0.52 0.42 0.57 0.41
  1. Legend: D1= standard diet for growing-finishing pigs; D2=standard diet supplemented with extruded linseed (source of n-3 PUFA); D3= standard diet supplemented with extruded linseed, vitamin E and selenium; D4= standard diet supplemented with extruded linseed and plant extracts (source of polyphenols). 1st = feed administered from an average weight of 80 kg to 120 kg (growing period); 2nd = feed administered from an average weight of 120 kg to slaughter (finishing period)