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Fig. 3 | Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Fig. 3

From: Mammary cell proliferation and catabolism of adipose tissues in nutrition-restricted lactating sows were associated with extracellular high glutamate levels

Fig. 3

Metabolites concentrations in mammary extracellular fluids after ingestion at lactation d 28. Zero min represents the extracellular fluid collected within 15 min before ingestion, representing a fasting state. This figure shows effects of diet, time, and diet × time interactions on dynamic changes of glutamate (a, Pdiet = 0.006, Ptime = 0.96, Pdiet × time = 0.98), glucose (b, Pdiet = 0.99, Ptime = 0.005, Pdiet × time = 0.94), lactate (c, Pdiet = 0.25, Ptime = 0.06, Pdiet × time = 0.42), pyruvate (d, Pdiet = 0.99, Ptime = 0.11, Pdiet × time = 0.43), Pyruvate/Glucose (e, Pdiet = 0.60, Ptime = 0.10, Pdiet × time = 0.62), Lactate/Glucose (f, Pdiet = 0.89, Ptime = 0.032, Pdiet × time = 0.36), Lactate/Pyruvate (g, Pdiet = 0.22, Ptime < 0.0001, Pdiet × time = 0.26). Values are least-squares means with SE. Differences between groups at a specific time point were indicated by asterisk. It was considered significant at P < 0.05. CON, control; RFA, restricted feed allowance; Lactate/Pyruvate, the ratio of lactate to pyruvate; Lactate/Glucose, the ratio of lactate to glucose

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