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Table 3 Effect of the dietary HI larva meal inclusion level on the haematological and serum parameters of the broiler chickens (n = 16)

From: Black soldier fly defatted meal as a dietary protein source for broiler chickens: Effects on growth performance, blood traits, gut morphology and histological features

Items Dietary treatments SEM P-value
HI0 HI5 HI10 HI15 Linear Quadratic
Erythrocyte, 106 cell/μL 4.18 3.94 3.93 3.98 0.046 0.132 0.122
Leukocyte, 103 cell/μL 13.70 13.55 13.77 14.32 0.246 0.344 0.492
H/L ratio 0.66 0.68 0.65 0.69 0.028 0.838 0.824
Urea, g/dL 34.88 39.53 42.59 36.30 1.980 0.712 0.177
Uric Acid, mg/dL 2.89 2.67 2.46 2.77 0.180 0.750 0.477
AST, IU/L 379.57 367.52 366.33 358.78 13.508 0.437 0.904
Creatinine, mg/dL 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.006 0.546 0.542
Triglycerides, mg/dL 105.25 94.70 97.82 84.32 3.541 0.057 0.826
Cholesterol, mg/dL 81.34 81.07 85.73 82.64 2.044 0.660 0.734
Calcium, mg/dL 8.77 7.56 8.43 8.42 0.209 0.947 0.155
Phosphorus, mg/dL 3.91 5.90 6.02 5.34 0.172 < 0.001 < 0.001
Magnesium, mEq/L 1.12 1.04 0.96 0.92 0.055 0.186 0.837
Iron, μg/dL 59.89 61.12 66.03 61.72 3.866 0.780 0.727
TAS, mmol/L 0.58 0.65 0.79 0.78 0.044 0.054 0.679
GPx, U/g Hb 88.68 107.27 155.52 178.14 11.978 0.002 0.884
  1. HI Hermetia illucens, SEM standard error of the mean, H/L, heterophiles to lymphocytes ratio, AST aspartate amino transferase, TAS Total antioxidant status, GPx glutathione peroxidase, Hb haemoglobin