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Table 1 Ingredients, apparent metabolizable energy and chemical composition of the experimental diets

From: Black soldier fly defatted meal as a dietary protein source for broiler chickens: Effects on growth performance, blood traits, gut morphology and histological features

Items

Starter period

Growing period

Finisher period

HI0

HI5

HI10

HI15

HI0

HI5

HI10

HI15

HI0

HI5

HI10

HI15

Ingredients, g/kg as fed

 Maize meal

508.8

526.9

545.5

566.9

536.1

557.1

574.5

606.1

537.2

590.8

620.3

653.2

 Soybean meal (48% CP)

345.3

299

248

193

332

277.4

230

153

300

253

178

100

 HI larvae meal

0

50

100

150

0

50

100

150

0

50

100

150

 Corn gluten meal

54

32

15

0

35

20

0

0

21

0

0

0

 Soybean oil

46.3

45.1

43

40

59.3

56.4

54.9

48

71.2

70

63.2

56

 Dicalcium phosphate

6.5

8.5

10.5

12.5

4

6

8.3

10.6

3.5

6

8.3

10.5

 Calcium carbonate

17.3

16.4

15.6

14.8

16.7

15.8

14.8

14

15.1

14

13.2

12.4

 Sodium chloride

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

2.3

 Sodium bicarbonate

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

DL-Methionine

2

2.2

2.3

2.3

1.8

1.9

2

2

1.8

1.9

1.9

1.8

L-Lysine

5.1

5.2

5.4

5.8

3.8

4.1

4.2

5

3.3

3.4

4.1

5

 Threonine

1.9

1.9

1.9

1.9

1.5

1.5

2

2

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.3

 Trace mineral-vitamin premixa

8

8

8

8

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

 Choline chloride

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

 3-Phytase

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

 Total

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 AMEnb, MJ/kg DM

12.56

12.56

12.56

12.56

12.98

12.98

12.98

12.98

13.4

13.4

13.4

13.4

Nutrient compositionc, %

 CP

23.01

22.98

23.01

23.01

21.50

21.52

21.52

21.52

19.51

19.47

19.54

19.50

 EE

7.30

7.33

7.28

7.14

8.63

8.50

8.50

8.01

9.86

9.89

9.41

8.88

 CF

3.25

2.99

2.70

2.41

3.21

2.91

2.64

2.25

3.08

2.82

2.43

2.04

 Calcium

0.96

0.96

0.96

0.96

0.87

0.87

0.87

0.87

0.79

0.79

0.79

0.79

 Phosphorus

0.48

0.48

0.48

0.48

0.43

0.43

0.43

0.43

0.40

0.40

0.40

0.40

  1. HI Hermetia illucens, AMEn apparent metabolizable energy, CP crude protein, EE ether extract, CF crude fiber, DM dry matter
  2. aMineral-vitamin premix: vitamin A (retinyl acetate), 12,500 IU; vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), 3000 IU; vitamin E (DL-a-tocopheryl acetate), 60 IU; vitamin K (menadione sodium bisulfite), 1.02 mg; riboflavin, 2.0 mg; pantothenate, 8.0 mg; niacin, 6 mg; piridossin, 4 mg; folic acid, 0.5 mg; biotin, 0.10 mg; tiamin, 1.0 mg; vitamin B12, 20 mg; Mn, 120 mg; Zn, 80 mg; Fe, 52 mg; Cu, 15 mg; I, 1.5 mg; Se, 0.4 mg
  3. bCalculated according to Schiavone et al. [16] and INRA [29]
  4. cChemical analyses were carried out on three replicates of each feed sample