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Table 1 Ingredients, apparent metabolizable energy and chemical composition of the experimental diets

From: Black soldier fly defatted meal as a dietary protein source for broiler chickens: Effects on growth performance, blood traits, gut morphology and histological features

Items Starter period Growing period Finisher period
HI0 HI5 HI10 HI15 HI0 HI5 HI10 HI15 HI0 HI5 HI10 HI15
Ingredients, g/kg as fed
 Maize meal 508.8 526.9 545.5 566.9 536.1 557.1 574.5 606.1 537.2 590.8 620.3 653.2
 Soybean meal (48% CP) 345.3 299 248 193 332 277.4 230 153 300 253 178 100
 HI larvae meal 0 50 100 150 0 50 100 150 0 50 100 150
 Corn gluten meal 54 32 15 0 35 20 0 0 21 0 0 0
 Soybean oil 46.3 45.1 43 40 59.3 56.4 54.9 48 71.2 70 63.2 56
 Dicalcium phosphate 6.5 8.5 10.5 12.5 4 6 8.3 10.6 3.5 6 8.3 10.5
 Calcium carbonate 17.3 16.4 15.6 14.8 16.7 15.8 14.8 14 15.1 14 13.2 12.4
 Sodium chloride 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
 Sodium bicarbonate 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
DL-Methionine 2 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.8 1.9 2 2 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
L-Lysine 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.8 3.8 4.1 4.2 5 3.3 3.4 4.1 5
 Threonine 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.5 1.5 2 2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
 Trace mineral-vitamin premixa 8 8 8 8 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
 Choline chloride 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 3-Phytase 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
 AMEnb, MJ/kg DM 12.56 12.56 12.56 12.56 12.98 12.98 12.98 12.98 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4
Nutrient compositionc, %
 CP 23.01 22.98 23.01 23.01 21.50 21.52 21.52 21.52 19.51 19.47 19.54 19.50
 EE 7.30 7.33 7.28 7.14 8.63 8.50 8.50 8.01 9.86 9.89 9.41 8.88
 CF 3.25 2.99 2.70 2.41 3.21 2.91 2.64 2.25 3.08 2.82 2.43 2.04
 Calcium 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.79
 Phosphorus 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
  1. HI Hermetia illucens, AMEn apparent metabolizable energy, CP crude protein, EE ether extract, CF crude fiber, DM dry matter
  2. aMineral-vitamin premix: vitamin A (retinyl acetate), 12,500 IU; vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), 3000 IU; vitamin E (DL-a-tocopheryl acetate), 60 IU; vitamin K (menadione sodium bisulfite), 1.02 mg; riboflavin, 2.0 mg; pantothenate, 8.0 mg; niacin, 6 mg; piridossin, 4 mg; folic acid, 0.5 mg; biotin, 0.10 mg; tiamin, 1.0 mg; vitamin B12, 20 mg; Mn, 120 mg; Zn, 80 mg; Fe, 52 mg; Cu, 15 mg; I, 1.5 mg; Se, 0.4 mg
  3. bCalculated according to Schiavone et al. [16] and INRA [29]
  4. cChemical analyses were carried out on three replicates of each feed sample