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Table 1 Ingredient composition and nutrient analysis of close-up (from d − 28 to parturition), fresh (from 1 to 30 DIM), and high-producing (from 31 to 60 DIM) diets

From: Association of residual feed intake with abundance of ruminal bacteria and biopolymer hydrolyzing enzyme activities during the peripartal period and early lactation in Holstein dairy cows

Item Close-up Fresh High-producing
Ingredient composition, % of DM
 Alfalfa haylage 6.55 7.81 10.8
 Corn silage 26.6 31.0 31.9
 Wheat straw 26.5 3.25
 Corn grain, ground, dry 12.6 22.21 20.7
 Cottonseed 2.17 1.83
 Molasses, beet sugar 4.03 5.50 4.51
 Soybean hulls 3.46 4.25 9.96
 Soybean meal, 48% CP 7.83 10.1 7.98
 Expeller soybean meala 5.80 5.16 5.17
 Protein supplementb 0.78 1.81 1.58
 Urea 0.59 0.39 0.40
 Soychlorc 1.23
 Saturated fat supplementd 2.25 2.14
 Limestone 1.41 0.96
 Salt 0.02 0.04
 Dicalcium phosphate 0.52 1.17 0.92
 Magnesium oxide 0.08 0.04
 Magnesium sulfate 2.08 0.02
 Sodium bicarbonate 0.84 0.59
 Mineral vitamin mixe 0.17 0.17 0.20
 Vitamin Af 0.03 0.02 0.02
 Vitamin Dg 0.03
 Vitamin Eh 0.60
 Biotini 0.70 0.42 0.32
Nutrient analysis, % of DM
 CP 15.6 ± 0.32 17.7 ± 0.36 17.4 ± 0.36
 NDF 40.8 ± 0.68 29.2 ± 0.59 31.4 ± 0.62
 ADF 27.5 ± 0.50 19.5 ± 0.38 21.5 ± 0.48
 NFC 34.9 ± 0.81 41.4 ± 0.55 40.7 ± 0.54
 Ether extract 2.32 ± 0.05 5.12 ± 0.14 5.13 ± 0.14
  1. aSoyPlus, West Central Soy (Ralston, IA)
  2. bProVAAl AADvantage, Perdue AgriBusiness (Salisbury, MD)
  3. cWest Central Soy
  4. dEnergy Booster 100, Milk Specialties Global (Eden Prairie, MN)
  5. eContained a minimum of 5% Mg, 10% S, 7.5% K, 2.0% Fe, 3.0% Zn, 3.0% Mn, 5,000 mg/kg Cu, 250 mg/kg I, 40 mg/kg Co, 150 mg/kg Se, 2,200 kIU/kg vitamin A, 660 kIU/kg vitamin D3, and 7,700 IU/kg vitamin E
  6. fContained 30,000 kIU/kg
  7. gContained 5,000 kIU/kg
  8. hContained 44,000 kIU/kg
  9. iADM Animal Nutrition (Quincy, IL)