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Fig. 2 | Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Fig. 2

From: Endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in intestinal epithelial cells: a feed-back regulation by mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)

Fig. 2

mRNA levels for ER stress-related genes in tunicamycin treated cells. IEC-6 cells were incubated with (1 μg/mL) or without tunicamycin for indicated time periods. mRNA levels for ATF4 (a), XBP1s (b), DDIT3 (c), and HSPA5 (d) were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. β-actin was used as an internal reference. Data are presented as mean ± SEM, n = 3. *P < 0.05 by one-way ANOVA. TUN, tunicamycin; UT, untreatment

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