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Table 3 Analyses of DON (μg/kg) in feed ingredients and complete feeds

From: Aflatoxin B1, zearalenone and deoxynivalenol in feed ingredients and complete feed from different Province in China

Item Growing years Numbers of samples Positive samples Numbers of samples in the range, μg/kg
%a Mean Median Maximum <100 100–1000 1000–5000 >5000
Feed ingredients
Corn 2013 74 96.0 525.6 552.4 1271.5 3 70 1 0
2014 55 98.2 603.3 382.9 4320.9 1 48 6 0
2015 91 100 1024.2 738.2 3625.3 0 51 40 0
Wheat 2013 11 100 627.8 615.8 1048.1 0 10 1 0
2014 8 100 774.6 774.6 1048.1 0 7 1 0
2015 5 100 485.7 537.6 660.1 0 5 0 0
Domestic DDGS 2013 6 83.3 1032.1 925.4 1997.6 1 3 2 0
2014 11 100 1147.8 1101.9 1492.4 0 4 7 0
2015 7 100 1794.5 1864.0 2146.8 0 0 7 0
Bran 2013 27 96.3 839.7 867.5 1431.3 1 21 5 0
2014 10 100 1142.4 980.7 3503.2 0 8 2 0
2015 18 100 1005.9 864.3 2532.5 0 12 6 0
Wheat shorts and red dog 2013 7 100 505.4 410.3 1030.2 0 6 1 0
2014 3 100 434.9 466.9 595.4 0 3 0 0
2015 10 100 659.8 613.9 1319.5 0 9 1 0
Imported DDGS 2013 7 100 1079.6 774.3 1766.6 0 4 3 0
2014 17 94.1 1088.9 1063.11 1875.1 1 6 10 0
2015 13 100 2186.8 2033.23 3561.0 0 0 13 0
Corn germ meal 2013 6 100 854.2 975.5 1026.6 0 3 3 0
2014 9 88.9 1017.3 868.4 1989.2 1 5 3 0
2015 19 89.5 2045.5 1255.1 4402.7 2 3 14 0
Soybean meal 2013 13 100 567.2 566.0 786.4 0 13 0 0
2014 3 66.7 348.5 489.3 556.1 1 2 0 0
2015 13 100 364.5 331.2 662.9 0 13 0 0
Total - 443 - - - - - - - -
Complete feeds
Pig complete feed (powder) 2013 10 90 791.3 804.6 1602.6 1 8 1 0
2014 2 100 523.4 523.4 623.6 0 2 0 0
2015 13 100 1216.3 1065.9 2767.6 0 5 8 0
Pig complete feed (pellet) 2013 19 100 660.3 719.2 946.6 0 19 0 0
2014 33 66.7 537.7 450.2 2478.3 11 19 3 0
2015 38 84.2 704.0 631.4 3346.0 6 17 15 0
Duck complete feed 2013 - - - - - - - - -
2014 - - - - - - - - -
2015 6 100 1718.3 1846.2 2613.7 0 6 0 0
Cattle complete feed 2013 -         
2014 -         
2015 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - 127 - - - - - - - -
  1. aPositive samples are defined as those with deoxynivalenol ≥ 100 μg/kg (LOD)