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Table 2 Mean values for blood chemistry and hematology for cows fed two different diets

From: High-concentrate feeding upregulates the expression of inflammation-related genes in the ruminal epithelium of dairy cattle

Item Diet   P-value
LCa HCb SEM Diet Day Diet x Day
White blood cells, 1012/L 7.30 8.82 0.326 0.004 0.001 0.091
Neutrophils, 109/L 2.27 2.58 0.171 0.212 0.412 0.164
Lymphocytes, 109/L 3.81 4.90 0.242 0.005 <0.001 0.084
Monocytes, 109/L 1.22 1.08 0.075 0.185 0.029 0.295
Total protein, g/L 85.16 78.55 1.537 0.006 0.091 0.484
Globulin, g/L 54.75 46.69 1.280 0.000 0.091 0.513
Albumin, g/L 30.40 31.86 0.350 0.008 0.295 0.306
Urea nitrogen, mmol/L 8.11 7.56 0.276 0.173 0.542 0.215
Glucose, mmol/L 3.48 3.45 0.074 0.804 0.474 0.234
Triglyceride, mmol/L 0.10 0.09 0.003 0.091 0.124 0.110
Cholesterol, mmol/L 2.40 2.04 0.106 0.024 0.594 0.857
Low density lipoprotein, mmol/L 0.39 0.32 0.024 0.045 0.431 0.958
High density lipoprotein, mmol/L 1.15 1.13 0.041 0.757 0.471 0.967
  1. aLow-concentrate diet
  2. bHigh-concentrate diet
  3. x means the interaction between two factors