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Table 1 Effect of citric acid on growth performance of pre-weaned cross-bred piglets (Source: [66])

From: A review of the effects of dietary organic acids fed to swine

Parameter G1 G2 G3 G4
Initial weight, kg 4.20 ± 0.05 4.87 ± 0.59 4.78 ± 0.29 3.57 ± 0.09
Final weight, kg 13.40 ± 0.88 13.55 ± 0.81 13.74 ± 0.88 13.92 ± 1.39
Total weight gain, kg 9.04 ± 0.11b 12.42 ± 0.07a 11.52 ± 0.56a 11.99 ± 0.32a
ADFI, g 652 ± 2.83a 628.5 ± 4.59a 595.5 ± 4.59b 555 ± 8.49c
ADG, g 158.50 ± 1.77b 191 ± 8.48b 185 ± 2.83b 200.5 ± 3.18a
Feed: gain ratio 3.90 ± 0.65 2.49 ± 0.1 3.05 ± 0.83 2.99 ± 0.71
  1. G1- Control; G2- Citic acid (0.15 %); G3- Probiotic (0.1 %); G4- Citic acid (0.15 %) & Probiotic (0.1 %)