Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Descriptions of common fatty acids

From: Characteristics of lipids and their feeding value in swine diets

Common name Carbons Double-bonds Scientific name Common source
Formic 1 0 methanoic acid insect stings
Acetic 2 0 ethanoic acid vinegar
Propionic 3 0 propanoic acid bacteria fermentation
Butyric 4 0 butanoic acid butter fat
Caproic 6 0 hexanoic acid goat fat
Caprylic 8 0 octanoic acid coconut oil
Capric 10 0 decanoic acid coconut oil
Lauric 12 0 dodecanoic acid coconut oil
Myristic 14 0 tetradecanoic acid palm kernel oil
Palmitic 16 0 hexadecanoic acid palm oil
Palmitoleic 16 1 9-hexadecenoic acid animal fats
Stearic 18 0 octadecanoic acid animal fats
Oleic 18 1 9-octadecenoic acid olive oil
Ricinoleic 18 1 12-hydroxy-9-octadecenoic acid castor oil
Vaccenic 18 1 11-octadecenoic acid butterfat
Linoleic 18 2 9,12-octadecadienoic acid grape seed oil
α-Linolenic 18 3 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid flaxseed (linseed) oil
γ-Linolenic 18 3 6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid borage oil
Arachidic 20 0 eicosanoic acid peanut oil, fish oil
Gadoleic 20 1 9-eicosenoic acid fish oil
Arachidonic 20 4 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid liver fats
Eicosapentaenoic 20 5 5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acid fish oil
Behenic 22 0 docosanoic acid rapeseed oil
Erucic 22 1 13-docosenoic acid rapeseed oil
Docosahexaenoic 22 6 4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid fish oil
Lignoceric 24 0 tetracosanoic acid some in most fats
  1. Sources: [5,188]