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Table 3 Effects of Chinese herbal medicine on concentrations of plasma metabolites at pre-infusion period in sheep

From: Effects of Chinese herbal medicine on plasma glucose, protein and energy metabolism in sheep

Items MH-diet CHM-diet SEM P-value
Essential amino acids, μmol/L
Threonine 258 282 20 0.07
Valine 268 315 17 0.13
Methionine 25 27 2 0.52
Iso-leucine 89 109 7 0.21
Leucine 129 156 9 0.09
Phenylalanine 61 68 4 0.06
Histidine 58 64 3 0.44
Lysine 112 130 9 0.16
Non essential amino acids, μmol/L
Aspartic acid 7.2 8.1 1.1 0.02
Serine 141 159 6 0.30
Asparagine 52 60 3 0.24
Glutamic acid 78 90 4 0.15
Glutamine 311 349 17 0.32
Glycine 467 501 25 0.39
Alanine 190 207 9 0.08
Tyrosine 90 95 7 0.37
Tryptophan 32 47 4 0.34
Arginine 141 149 11 0.19
Proline 107 124 8 0.09
Total amino acid 2616 2940 268 0.07
Urea, mmol/L 6.5 7.2 0.8 0.10
NEFA, mEq/L 0.16 0.14 0.03 0.12
  1. MH-diet = mixed hay of orchardgrass and reed canarygrass; CHM-diet = MH-diet supplemented with 2% of Chinese herbal medicine mixture; SEM = standard error of the mean; NEFA = non-esterified fatty acid.