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Table 8 Effects of supplementing branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) to the diets of sows on the concentrations of free amino acids and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in the plasma of sow-reared piglets during lactation

From: Dietary supplementation with branched-chain amino acids enhances milk production by lactating sows and the growth of suckling piglets

Variable Control 1.535% BCAA 3.07% BCAA Pooled
SEM
P-value
d 3 d 15 d 29 d 3 d 15 d 29 d 3 d 15 d 29 Treatment Day T × D1
Ala 636 649 649 760 687 685 764 692 702 24 < 0.001 0.002 0.036
Arg 216 136 127 238 171 173 272 179 183 12 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.881
Asn 78 89 101 106 110 117 119 120 124 4.8 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.132
Asp 14 19 20 18 21 22 19 23 25 1.2 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.754
β-Ala 26 26 27 28 28 26 28 26 27 1.0 0.504 0.336 0.011
Cit 132 76 81 164 82 90 178 107 109 5.4 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.149
Cys2 166 165 158 166 169 162 172 171 162 7.1 0.510 0.130 0.973
Gln 709 542 538 748 605 602 809 646 688 32 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.190
Glu 83 83 85 101 107 103 112 116 118 10 < 0.001 0.240 0.906
Gly 1080 1091 1093 1152 1047 1060 1060 1160 1188 32 < 0.001 0.647 0.968
His 98 95 108 97 95 112 97 95 114 4.6 0.854 < 0.001 0.885
Ile 126 128 127 169 179 188 185 198 201 11 < 0.001 0.132 0.732
Leu 198 178 186 223 227 233 240 242 247 18 < 0.001 0.674 0.596
Lys 202 234 232 215 251 243 220 251 242 15 0.206 0.001 0.990
Met 78 80 77 83 85 79 86 89 91 3.4 < 0.001 0.413 0.485
Orn 136 95 109 141 103 110 148 98 113 6.1 0.193 < 0.001 0.613
Phe 93 93 96 95 96 98 96 96 97 3.1 0.014 0.794 0.022
Pro 500 509 510 526 534 540 541 568 573 14 < 0.001 0.060 0.783
Ser 251 294 301 269 294 299 269 291 302 12 0.703 < 0.001 0.617
Tau 113 128 123 141 137 157 143 170 167 8.0 < 0.001 0.001 0.039
Thr 261 241 243 273 249 253 296 260 269 14 0.004 < 0.001 0.962
Trp 42 46 48 43 48 59 44 51 59 2.2 0.029 < 0.001 < 0.001
Tyr 128 136 135 141 139 136 146 143 140 6.8 < 0.001 0.532 0.002
Val 226 232 231 321 329 330 351 349 352 16 < 0.001 0.787 0.547
TBARS 4.90 4.06 3.61 5.03 3.96 3.04 5.11 4.15 3.14 0.48 0.804 < 0.001 0.829
  1. Values, expressed as μmol/L, are means with pooled SEM, n = 20 piglets/treatment group
  2. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA.
  3. 1Treatment (T), Day (D), and Treatment × Day (T × D) interaction; 2cysteine + 1/2 cystine