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Table 7 Effects of supplementing branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) to the diets of sows on the concentrations of free amino acids and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in their plasma during lactation

From: Dietary supplementation with branched-chain amino acids enhances milk production by lactating sows and the growth of suckling piglets

Variable Control 1.535% BCAA 3.07% BCAA Pooled SEM P-value
d 3 d 15 d 29 d 3 d 15 d 29 d 3 d 15 d 29 Treatment Day T × D1
Ala 369 492 517 482 600 607 596 640 649 42 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.485
Arg 103 121 150 147 173 177 161 181 182 15 < 0.001 0.001 0.632
Asn 58 63 80 83 85 85 96 92 95 5.9 < 0.001 0.052 0.037
Asp 32 34 36 34 33 36 35 34 38 2.0 0.353 0.005 0.789
β-Ala 17 18 19 18 18 19 18 19 19 0.59 0.021 0.038 0.056
Cit 60 64 74 70 78 90 86 85 91 6.7 < 0.001 0.004 0.597
Cys2 229 235 236 231 235 239 243 252 255 14 0.100 0.555 0.999
Gln 564 567 572 620 628 632 654 664 670 26 < 0.001 0.717 1.00
Glu 84 72 80 113 121 125 132 140 143 18 < 0.001 0.494 0.461
Gly 947 964 1003 949 981 1018 1029 981 1023 54 0.429 0.343 0.822
His 76 69 80 80 75 78 91 79 80 4.2 0.005 0.008 0.161
Ile 70 91 114 130 139 146 169 195 219 14 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.545
Leu 148 167 210 260 286 295 341 397 403 30 < 0.001 0.011 0.831
Lys 124 126 130 138 144 147 156 164 163 8.1 < 0.001 0.265 0.984
Met 37 35 34 41 41 41 41 42 50 3.0 < 0.001 0.354 0.083
Orn 69 76 102 76 77 101 78 77 105 6.1 0.465 < 0.001 0.882
Phe 72 77 96 73 73 95 79 73 97 4.7 0.684 < 0.001 0.66
Pro 237 246 247 300 306 320 358 376 385 17 < 0.001 0.162 0.945
Ser 136 137 147 138 141 151 139 142 154 9.1 0.675 0.030 0.997
Tau 55 61 58 58 62 61 58 66 67 5.1 0.149 0.119 0.921
Thr 101 102 127 108 101 132 109 119 132 9.4 0.151 < 0.001 0.692
Trp 49 49 52 53 51 57 54 60 64 3.8 < 0.001 0.038 0.482
Tyr 58 74 91 79 90 92 82 91 99 6.3 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.194
Val 182 216 234 276 326 357 374 416 473 32 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.852
TBARS 1.99 2.37 2.84 1.76 2.17 2.59 1.70 2.02 2.41 0.18 0.004 < 0.001 0.982
  1. Values, expressed as μmol/L, are means with pooled SEM, n = 10 sows/treatment group
  2. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA
  3. 1Treatment (T), Day (D), Treatment × Day (T × D) interaction; 2cysteine + 1/2 cystine