Skip to main content

Table 10 Effects of supplementing branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) to the diets of sows on the composition of protein-bound amino acids in their milk during lactation

From: Dietary supplementation with branched-chain amino acids enhances milk production by lactating sows and the growth of suckling piglets

Variable Control 1.535% BCAA 3.07% BCAA Pooled SEM P-value
d 3 d 15 d 29 d 3 d 15 d 29 d 3 d 15 d 29 Treatment Day T × D1
Ala 27.8 15.2 14.6 29.0 20.1 18.4 29.7 19.6 18.8 1.9 0.015 <  0.001 0.690
Arg 15.0 7.48 7.30 17.0 13.7 13.1 19.6 16.4 15.5 1.5 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.961
Asp + Asn 33.8 20.0 19.2 36.1 26.5 22.4 37.3 30.8 27.2 2.1 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.159
Cys 6.82 3.22 3.08 7.02 3.48 3.35 7.56 3.89 3.73 0.50 0.030 <  0.001 0.975
Glu + Gln 76.2 43.7 41.1 81.7 49.2 47.1 86.9 55.8 54.7 4.6 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.353
Gly 19.3 9.48 9.21 20.7 9.85 9.64 21.5 10.2 9.73 1.2 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.892
His 9.09 5.33 5.26 10.5 5.67 5.48 11.2 5.84 5.66 0.78 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.937
Ile 19.6 11.8 11.0 21.1 13.0 12.6 23.6 14.8 13.9 1.8 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.975
Leu 42.7 26.5 25.3 44.8 26.0 25.2 46.3 27.3 26.8 3.1 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.876
Lys 36.3 24.1 23.2 39.5 26.6 24.8 40.7 28.1 25.1 2.3 < 0.001 <  0.001 1.00
Met 9.90 6.18 5.97 10.6 6.77 6.34 11.3 6.98 6.56 0.70 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.413
Phe 15.8 9.83 9.45 16.7 10.4 10.1 17.2 11.5 10.8 1.1 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.827
Pro 42.1 32.8 31.2 44.6 35.6 34.5 46.8 37.2 36.0 3.7 < 0.001 0.001 0.998
Ser 31.6 16.8 15.3 33.0 18.2 16.1 33.8 19.7 18.3 2.5 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.947
Thr 24.6 14.1 12.7 26.1 14.9 13.7 27.3 15.6 14.1 1.9 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.945
Trp 6.01 3.32 3.18 6.57 3.58 3.39 6.65 3.79 3.54 0.26 < 0.010 <  0.001 0.702
Tyr 18.7 11.9 10.6 19.2 12.4 11.4 20.7 13.5 12.0 1.5 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.946
Val 27.8 15.2 14.4 30.3 16.8 16.0 32.5 17.4 16.1 2.1 < 0.001 <  0.001 0.296
  1. Values, expressed as mmol/L of whole milk, are means with pooled SEM, n = 10 sows/treatment group
  2. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA
  3. 1Treatment (T), Day (D), and Treatment × Day (T × D) interaction