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Table 8 Biogenic amines in colonic digesta of broilers

From: Suitability of Hermetia illucens larvae meal and fat in broiler diets: effects on animal performance, apparent ileal digestibility, gut histology, and microbial metabolites

 Items Protein × Fat SE P-value Protein (LSMean) SE P-value Fat SE P-value
S + 0 L S + 50 L S + 100 L L + 0 L L + 50 L L + 100 L S L 0 L 50 L 100 L
Biogenic amines, mg/kg fresh matter
 Agmatine 463 518 397 347 866 531 116.3 0.106 460 582 79.07 0.165 405V 692U 464UV 89.85 0.027
 Ethanolamine 21.9 22.9 26.2 22.4 40.7 29.1 5.919 0.300 23.7 30.7 3.458 0.155 22.2 31.8 27.7 4.210 0.281
 Methylamine 3.52 4.63 4.63 4.86 3.63 4.37 1.420 0.636 4.26 4.29 0.991 0.978 4.19 4.13 4.50 1.114 0.949
 Putrescine 2.69 2.45 3.48 1.05 2.51 4.13 1.796 0.770 2.88 2.56 1.194 0.817 1.87 2.48 3.81 1.370 0.495
 Cadaverine 8.58 12.3 15.3 15.1 9.77 8.14 3.462 0.0761 12.1 11.0 2.515 0.663 11.9 11.1 11.7 2.782 0.959
 Spermidine 59.5 57.9 61.8 67.3 58.1 82.9 11.76 0.616 59.8 69.4 7.90 0.278 63.4 58.0 72.3 9.021 0.410
 Spermine 56.6 56.1 53.8 48.4 58.8 49.4 4.698 0.473 55.5 52.2 3.00 0.369 52.5 57.4 51.6 3.50 0.382
  1. S, soybean meal; L; 15% of SBM crude protein substituted with HI larvae meal CP; S + 0 L, SBM + 0 HI larvae fat; S + 50 L, SBM + 50% HI larvae fat; S + 100 L, SBM+ 100% HI larvae fat; L + 0 L, HI larvae meal+ 0 HI larvae fat; L + 50 L, HI larvae meal+ 50% HI larvae fat; L + 100 L, HI larvae meal+ 100% HI larvae fat
  2. U,V indicate differences (P < 0.10) for the main effect of fat source
  3. 1post hoc test Tukey P > 0.10
  4. SE Standard error