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Table 1 A summary of literature values (ranges) for prepupae wet weight, duration of larval development, survival, and protein and fat content of black soldier fly larvae reared on different kinds of substrates

From: Growth efficiency, intestinal biology, and nutrient utilization and requirements of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae compared to monogastric livestock species: a review

Items Manure1 Feed concentrate2 By-products3 Sludge4
Rearing temperature, °C 9–32 20–35 20–35 21–28
Prepupae wet weight, mg 70–299 99–252 60–78 70–190
Larval development, d 30–34 15–24 19–30 15–20
Survival rate, % 74–93 81–93 80–98 39–76
Protein content, % of DM5 32–45 33–39 45–46
Lipid content, % of DM 18–33 31–35 20–31
  1. 1Based on references: [15, 47,48,49,50,51]
  2. 2Based on references: [45,46,47, 52, 53]
  3. 3Dried distillers grain, sugar beet pulp [18], vegetable by-products [18, 45, 46]
  4. 4Digested and undigested sludge [47], faecal sludge [54]
  5. 5In all of these studies nitrogen content was converted to crude protein content by multiplication with factor 6.25