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Table 4 Biological biotransformation approaches by microorganisms for the detoxification of mycotoxinsa.

From: Invited review: Remediation strategies for mycotoxin control in feed

Mycotoxins Microorganisms Biotransformation efficiency Reference
AFB1 Aspergillus niger FS10 98.65% [133]
Aspergillus niger RAF106 88.59% [132]
Stenotrophomonas sp. CW117 100.00% [134]
S. cerevisiae ŁOCK 0119 69.00% [131]
Escherichia coli CG1061 93.70% [135]
Bacillus velezensis DY3108 91.50% [136]
Bacillus subtilis JSW-1 67.20% [137]
Bacillus shackletonii L7 92.10% [138]
Bacillus licheniformis CFR1 94.70% [139]
Pseudomonas putida 90.00% [140]
Bacillus subtilis UTBSP1 95.00% [141]
DON Bacterial consortium C20 74.29% [142]
Bacillus subtilis ASAG 216 81.10% [143]
Devosia insulae A16 88.00% [144]
Pseudomonas sp. Y1 and Lysobacter sp. S1 100.00% [145]
Eggerthella sp. DII-9 100.00% [146]
Aspergillus (NJA-1) 94.40% [147]
Bacterial isolates LS100 & SS3 100.00% [148]
Bacterial strain BBSH 797 - [149]
Strain E3-39 100.00% [150]
ZEN Bacillus subtilis 100.00% [151]
Bacillus natto 87.00% [151]
Bacillus pumilus ES-21 95.70% [152]
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ZDS-1 95.70% [153]
Bacillus subtilis ANSB01G 88.65% [154]
FB1 Bacterial consortium SAAS79 100.00% [155]
Strain NCB 1492 100.00% [156]
Saccharomyces cerevisiae IS1/1 and SC82 22%-50% [157]
Bacillus spp. S9, S10 and S69 43%-83% [158]
  1. aAFB1 Aflatoxin B1, DON deoxynivalenol, ZEN zearalenone, FB1 fumonisin B1
  2. -means the biotransformation efficiency did not reported