|Methods||Measures and reagents||Detoxification efficiency||Reference|
|Alkaline treatment||Ammonia, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide and sodium carbonate etc.||Removed 95% of AFB1 in various cereals by ammoniation and hydroxide salts treatments.||[106,107,108,109,110,111]|
|Reduced DON by 83.9-100% in different feedstuffs through sodium carbonate and hydroxide salts treatments.|
|Ozone treatment||Ozone, hydrogen peroxide, chlorine, sodium and calcium hypochlorite etc.||
Reduced 92-95%, 91% and 78% of AFBs in corn, cottonseed and peanut meal respectively by ozone.|
DON can be reduced 70-90% in corn and 20-80% in wheat by ozone.
The degradation of ZEN in corn can reach 90.7% through the ozone treatment with 100 mg/L ozone for 180 min.