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Table 1 Types of resistant starch (RS) and starch sources used in pig studies

From: Resistant starch: Implications of dietary inclusion on gut health and growth in pigs: a review

Type of RS Description of RS Starch sources used in pig studies References
RS1 Native starch granules entrapped or inaccessible to enzymes Hull-less barley, high moisture corn, low amylose barley and corn, oat, rice, sorghum, triticale, wheat [38]
Field pea [39]
RS2 Native starch granules with conformation or structure that resist enzymes Raw potato starch [15, 40,41,42,43,44]
Sweet potato [41]
Hull-less barley, high moisture corn, low amylose barley and corn, oat, rice, sorghum, triticale, wheat [38]
Field pea [39]
High-amylose corn starch [45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53]
RS3 Retrograded starch that occurs naturally during food processing Tapioca starch [54, 55]
Barley [38, 39]
Corn [38]
Field pea [39]
Rice [38]
Wheat [38]
RS4 Chemically-modified starch Enzymatically-modified starch [56, 57]