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Table 4 Effects of magnolol and honokil on intestinal histomorphology of broilers infected with S. pullorum

From: Supplemental magnolol or honokiol attenuates adverse effects in broilers infected with Salmonella pullorum by modulating mucosal gene expression and the gut microbiota

  C SP SPH SPM SEM P-values
d 14
 Jejunum
  Villus height, μm 1,226.63ab 1,031.56b 1,295.84a 1,255.41a 36.52 0.03
  Crypt depth, μm 220.89 250.00 202.88 202.26 8.32 0.34
  intestinal wall thickness, μm 373.46 347.48 374.85 329.44 17.12 0.72
  Villus/Crypt 5.78a 4.24b 6.60a 6.34a 0.26 < 0.01
 Ileum
  Villus height, μm 669.53ab 573.94b 728.16a 744.77a 22.06 0.02
  Crypt depth, μm 153.39 152.81 124.64 145.03 5.79 0.36
  intestinal wall thickness, μm 270.83 238.03 200.1 244.3 15.23 0.51
  Villus/Crypt 4.58b 3.92bc 6.00a 5.28ab 0.20 < 0.01
d 21
 Jejunum
  Villus height, μm 1,219.2a 994b 1,143.29ab 1,291.89a 41.14 0.05
  Crypt depth, μm 249.85 201.54 224.2 223.24 9.93 0.38
  intestinal wall thickness, μm 347.85 278.86 263.02 314.14 14.38 0.17
  Villus/Crypt 4.99 4.99 5.45 6.32 0.34 0.42
 Ileum
  Villus height, μm 770.11ab 643.84b 736.32b 900.72a 32.25 0.03
  Crypt depth, μm 153.75 143.64 155.27 149.78 6.28 0.94
  intestinal wall thickness, μm 280.56 248.89 265.04 247.79 11.58 0.75
  Villus/Crypt 5.18b 4.66b 4.92b 6.11a 0.15 < 0.01
  1. All values are expressed as the means (n = 6). Means not sharing a common superscript letter within the same row differ significantly (P < 0.05)