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Table 4 Texture profile analysis properties of hybrid bagrid catfish fed experimental diets containing graded levels of Ile for 8 weeks1

From: Dietary isoleucine improved flesh quality, muscle antioxidant capacity, and muscle growth associated with AKT/TOR/S6K1 and AKT/FOXO3a signaling in hybrid bagrid catfish (Pelteobagrus vachelli♀ × Leiocassis longirostris♂)

Items2 Dietary Ile levels, g/kg SEM P-values
5.0 7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 Linear Quadratic
Hardness 1690.94c 1167.61b 960.48ab 745.61a 1121.86b 1053.46ab 1040.19ab 49.51 <  0.0001 <  0.0001
Springiness 0.39ab 0.43b 0.39ab 0.44b 0.36a 0.41ab 0.39ab 0.01 0.11 0.15
Cohesiveness 0.23a 0.28bc 0.30bc 0.31c 0.27b 0.28bc 0.30bc 0.01 <  0.01 <  0.05
Gumminess 384.49b 321.81ab 289.33ab 226.26a 300.96ab 290.92ab 311.7ab 13.51 <  0.01 <  0.0001
Chewiness 155.33b 140.09ab 115.81ab 98.36a 109.10ab 116.23ab 124.19ab 6.26 <  0.01 <  0.0001
Resilience 0.13a 0.15a 0.16b 0.15b 0.15b 0.15b 0.16b 0.01 0.18 0.39
  1. 1 Values are mean ± SEM of three replicate groups with 4 fish in each group. Mean values with the different superscripts in the same row are significantly different (P < 0.05)
  2. 2 Hardness, g; Springiness, cm; Gumminess, g; Chewiness, g