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Table 6 Effects of meal frequency on the development of follicles of gilts at 3rd estrous1,2,3

From: Beneficial effects of a decreased meal frequency on nutrient utilization, secretion of luteinizing hormones and ovarian follicular development in gilts

Items T1 T2 T6 P-value
No. of follicle4 per cm2
 Primordial follicle 11.80 ± 1.02 10.97 ± 0.75 10.77 ± 1.08 0.732
 Growing follicle 12.37 ± 0.78a 10.37 ± 1.04ab 8.13 ± 0.79b 0.016
 Total follicles 24.17 ± 1.38 21.64 ± 1.39 18.91 ± 1.49 0.087
No. of visible follicle5, n
 Diameter 1 ~ 3 mm 29.20 ± 1.69 27.60 ± 1.08 28.40 ± 1.81 0.772
 Diameter ≥ 3 mm 32.80 ± 3.88 30.00 ± 3.74 29 ± 1.82 0.705
 No. of corpora lutea, n 28.80 ± 3.22a 22.60 ± 1.12ab 18.20 ± 0.66b 0.048
  1. 1Results are presented as means ± SEMs. n = 5
  2. 2T1 means gilts fed one meal per day, T2 means gilts fed two meals per day, and T6 means gilts fed six meals per day
  3. 3 Different letters a, b denote P < 0.05
  4. 4Growing follicle, sum of numbers of primary follicle, secondary follicle, and antral follicle (with diameter below 1 mm) detected by HE staining
  5. 5Number of follicles detected by visible measurement