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Table 1 Feed formulation used in the three feeding phases

From: Hydroxychloride trace minerals have a positive effect on growth performance, carcass quality and impact ileal and cecal microbiota in broiler chickens

Ingredient, % Starter Grower Finisher
Wheat 53.511 65.490 67.949
Soya bean meal 29.149 25.267 22.554
Soya oil 6.969 5.177 5.819
Wheat bran 5.000   
Potato protein 1.459 1.334 1.400
Calcium-carbonate fine 1.206 0.566 0.455
Monocalcium phosphate 1.072 0.553 0.261
Vit-min premix without Zn and Cu1 0.500 0.500 0.500
Sodium bicarbonate 0.256 0.221 0.210
DL-Methionine 0.249 0.230 0.213
L-Lysine HCl 0.224 0.240 0.215
Salt (NaCl) 0.166 0.166 0.174
Xylanase 0.100 0.100 0.100
Phytase 0.100 0.100 0.100
L-Threonine 0.038 0.056 0.051
Calculated AME broilers, kcal 2850 2925 3000
Analysed nutrients
 Crude protein, g/100 g 21.5 19.6 18.9
 Crude ash, g/100 g 5.0 3.8 3.5
 Crude fiber, g/100 g 2.8 2.7 2.6
 Moisture, g/100 g 8.4 8.8 8.7
 Ca, g/100 g 0.90 0.58 0.48
 P, g/100 g 0.61 0.46 0.38
  1. 1Provided per kg of final feed: 0.65 g calcium, 90 mg manganese oxide, 1 mg potassium iodide, 0.25 mg selenium (sodium selenite), 65 mg iron (ferrous carbonate), 10,000 IU vitamin A, 2500 IU vitamin D3, 50 UI vitamin E (all-rac-α-tocopherol-acetate), 2 mg vitamin K3, 2 mg vitamin B1, 6 mg vitamin B2, 4 mg vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydroxychloride), 25 μg vitamin B12, 40 mg niacinamide, 10 mg calcium D-pantothenate, 10 mg pantothenic acid, 1 mg folic acid, 150 μg biotin, 300 mg choline chloride, 0.61 g sepiolite, 0.75 mg butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), 8.25 mg butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), 1.20 mg ethoxyquin