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Table 8 Blood plasma concentrations of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), phospholipid, glucose,triglyceride, L-lactate, cholesterol and fructosamine in piglets

From: Effects of dietary hemp seed oil to sows on fatty acid profiles, nutritional and immune status of piglets

  Dietary treatment1 SEM P-value3
  H HS S   
Day2 of age 4 16 28 4 16 28 4 16 28   
BHB, mmol/L 0.08 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.10 0.008 0.37
NEFA, μEq/L 279 332 436 305 357 462 332 385 489 27.40 0.20
Phospholipid, mmol/L 2.12 2.34 1.87 2.19 2.40 1.93 2.29 2.51 2.03 0.081 0.16
Glucose4, mmol/L 6.58a 7.70b 7.36a 6.01b 7.12b 6.79b 6.28a 7.40b 7.06b 0.179 0.01
Triglyceride, mmol/L 0.92 0.71 0.87 0.87 0.66 0.83 0.94 0.74 0.90 0.126 0.85
L-lactate, mmol/L 6.12 6.53 7.16 4.79 5.20 5.82 6.15 6.56 7.18 0.645 0.12
Cholesterol, mmol/L 3.53 4.54 3.04 3.58 4.58 3.08 3.68 4.69 3.19 0.236 0.84
Fructosamine, μmol/L 212 228 242 197 214 228 207 224 239 6.609 0.20
  1. SEM standard error of mean
  2. 1H = basal diet and hemp seed oil in ratio 95:5, HS = basal diet and mix of soybean and hemp seed oils (50:50) in ratio 95:5; S = basal diet and soybean oil in ratio 95:5; basal diet formulated according to Danish Nutrient Standards for Lactating Sows [24]
  3. 2Effect of day observed significant P < 0.001, for NEFA, phospholipid, glucose, cholesterol and fructosamine; however, for BHB, triglyceride and L-lactate was not observed the significant effect of day P > 0.05
  4. 3Presented P-value attributed to effect of dietary treatment
  5. 4The average concentration of glucose in piglets’ plasma during the entire experiment: 7.21 mmol/L (a), 6.64 mmol/L (b) and 6.91 mmol/L (ab) suckled sows fed hemp seed oil, mix oil and soybean oil, respectively
  6. a,bMean values within a row with unlike superscript letters are significantly different