Skip to main content

Table 5 Composition of selected2 fatty acids of sows’ plasma (%).

From: Effects of dietary hemp seed oil to sows on fatty acid profiles, nutritional and immune status of piglets

  Dietary treatment1 SEM P-value
  H HS S   Diet Day4 × Diet
Day2 108 112 2 16 28 108 112 2 16 28 108 112 2 16 28    
SFA 30.4 28.2 29.1 29.4 29.4 29.7 29.5 28.5 28.7 28.7 29.8 27.6 28.5 28.8 28.8 0.403 0.18 0.06
C14:0 0.42 0.30 0.28 0.23 0.25 0.43 0.31 0.29 0.24 0.26 0.45 0.33 0.31 0.26 0.27 0.020 0.31 0.45
C16:0 17.0 13.7 13.6 14.7 14.6 17.0 13.8 13.7 14.8 14.7 17.6 14.4 14.3 15.4 15.3 0.329 0.07 0.01
C18:0 12.0b 13.1b 14.0b 13.4b 13.7b 11.3ab 12.5ab 13.4ab 12.8ab 13.1ab 10.7a 11.9a 12.8a 12.3a 12.5a 0.324 0.004 0.90
MUFA 28.2 20.2 22.7 15.4 15.0 28.5 21.3 22.5 17.9 19.8 27.3 22.7 26.6 20.0 21.8 1.510 0.003 0.009
C16:1n-9 0.48b 0.41b 0.43b 0.26a 0.29a 0.56b 0.49b 0.50b 0.33a 0.36a 0.55b 0.48b 0.50b 0.33a 0.36a 0.034 0.03 0.30
C16:1n-7 1.10 0.82 0.96 0.67 0.70 1.16 0.88 1.02 0.77 1.01 1.12 0.83 0.98 0.68 0.72 0.083 0.31 0.10
C18:1n-9 23.5a 16.4a 18.3a 12.4a 12.3a 23.6ab 17.4ab 18.1ab 14.6ab 16.3ab 22.8b 18.7b 21.8b 16.4b 18.4b 1.276 0.03 0.005
C18:1n-7 2.25 1.92 2.26 1.60 1.49 2.37 2.02 2.37 1.72 1.61 2.39 2.04 2.40 1.74 1.63 0.137 0.59 0.42
PUFA 40.8 51.6 47.9 55.1 56.3 42.0 51.3 49.0 53.3 51.1 43.5 49.6 45.0 51.5 48.7 1.600 0.001 0.002
C18:2n-6 28.8 35.6 30.5 40.6 41.8 28.8 36.1 32.1 39.8 37.8 30.4 36.1 30.9 39.7 38.0 1.572 0.90 0.25
C18:3n-6 1.34 1.76 2.07 1.55 1.48 2.84 2.63 1.68 2.08 2.01 1.63 1.63 2.51 1.49 1.13 0.470 0.76 0.82
C18:3n-3 1.30 2.76 2.09 3.14 3.22 1.14 2.10 1.55 2.06 1.77 1.42 1.64 1.22 1.43 1.26 0.207 < 0.001 < 0.001
C18:4n-3 0.08b 0.10b 0.11b 0.10b 0.11b 0.04a 0.07b 0.07b 0.07b 0.08b 0.00a 0.01a 0.02a 0.01a 0.03a 0.019 0.001 0.16
C20:2n-6 0.20 0.25 0.24 0.27 0.29 0.20 0.22 0.23 0.18 0.20 0.18 0.23 0.22 0.25 0.27 0.018 0.14 0.77
C20:3n-6 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.58 0.68 0.39 0.37 0.37 0.51 0.61 0.30 0.27 0.28 0.41 0.51 0.085 0.17 < 0.001
C20:4n-6 6.75 7.39 8.33 5.97 5.85 7.11 7.75 8.69 6.33 6.21 6.59 7.23 8.17 5.81 5.69 0.424 0.50 0.40
C20:3n-3 0.03 0.10 0.02 0.09 0.14 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.016 < 0.001 < 0.001
C20:5n-3 0.39 1.02 1.08 1.20 1.16 0.34 0.65 0.75 0.81 0.94 0.38 0.43 0.43 0.45 0.53 0.088 < 0.001 < 0.001
C22:5n-6 0.29 0.23 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.31 0.20 0.27 0.14 0.12 0.27 0.26 0.28 0.21 0.19 0.042 0.002 0.01
C22:5n-3 1.40 1.65 2.01 1.48 1.35 1.46 1.60 1.86 1.61 1.49 1.37 1.55 1.41 1.30 1.21 0.112 0.003 0.01
C22:6n-3 0.34 0.32 0.36 0.23 0.18 0.34 0.32 0.36 0.23 0.18 0.30 0.28 0.31 0.19 0.13 0.052 0.62 0.08
n-6 37.3 45.8 42.2 49.0 50.3 38.7 46.6 44.5 48.5 46.5 40.0 45.7 41.7 48.1 45.6 1.463 0.07 0.03
n-3 3.46 5.83 5.68 6.18 6.07 3.56 4.00 4.53 4.79 4.54 3.56 3.92 3.35 3.42 3.11 0.250 < 0.001 < 0.001
n-6/n-3 11.1 7.94 7.49 7.97 8.36 11.8 9.78 9.88 10.2 10.3 11.3 11.6 12.8 14.2 14.6 0.518 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. SEM standard error of mean.
  2. 1H = basal diet and hemp seed oil in ratio 95:5, HS = basal diet and mix of soybean and hemp seed oils (50:50) in ratio 95:5; S = basal diet and soybean oil in ratio 95:5; basal diet formulated according to Danish Nutrient Standards for Lactating Sows [24]
  3. 2Day implies the sampling at respective days of the gestation period (108 and 112), and days of lactation period (2, 16, 28)
  4. 3Such fatty acids as C4:0, C8:0, C10:0, C12:0,C15:0, C17:1, C20:0,C22:0 were present (< 0.3%)
  5. 4Effect of day is significant for all sampling days, except C18:4n-3 P > 0.05
  6. a,bMean values within a row with unlike superscript letters are significantly different