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Table 4 Assessment score of the effects of the interventions on outcomes

From: Overall assessment of antibiotic substitutes for pigs: a set of meta-analyses

Interventionsa Bacteriostasis Growth performance (weaned piglets) Growth performance (growing pigs) Growth performance (finishing pigs) Intestinal morphology Immunity Sum (overall) Sum (weaned piglets) Sum (growing pigs) Sum (finishing pigs)
Antibiotics 76.00 53.33 17.66 18.85 18.48 46.89 68.43 50.18 32.34 32.94
AMPs 76.00 81.54 0.00 0.00 68.90 0.00 55.26 55.26 14.49 14.49
Probiotics 0.00 46.85 25.30 15.92 4.18 0.00 44.45 23.84 13.07 8.38
Bacteriophages 0.00 88.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 44.37 44.37 0.00 0.00
Zymin 0.00 55.33 7.99 0.00 0.00 64.74 51.08 47.09 23.42 19.42
Plants 0.00 24.18 19.42 27.42 0.00 3.85 36.67 13.25 10.86 14.87
Plant extracts 32.00 15.44 19.37 7.55 23.96 57.59 44.05 30.59 32.56 26.65
Microelements 0.00 34.75 0.00 0.00 69.23 23.30 31.29 31.29 13.91 13.91
Oligosaccharides 19.00 58.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 19.39 36.73 36.73 7.72 7.72
Lysozyme 0.00 55.07 0.00 0.00 14.02 0.00 28.94 28.94 1.40 1.40
Organic acids 56.00 25.44 0.00 0.00 15.56 25.96 27.66 27.66 14.94 14.94
Basal diet 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  1. Bold type values for interventions indicates that their effect was superior or equal to that of antibiotics
  2. aAMPs Antimicrobial peptides