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Table 4 Fatty acid profiles (percentage of total identified fatty acid methyl esters) in plasma of cashmere goat kids fed diets with oil supplements

From: Palm oil protects α-linolenic acid from rumen biohydrogenation and muscle oxidation in cashmere goat kids

Fatty acid1 Diets SEM P-value
PMO LSO MIX
Saturated fatty acids
 C10:0 1.47 1.82 1.43 0.124 0.352
 C12:0 1.49 1.68 1.45 0.093 0.383
 C13:0 0.63 0.78 0.69 0.056 0.438
 C14:0 2.20 2.26 2.03 0.090 0.401
 C15:0 1.27 1.21 1.22 0.094 0.900
 C16:0 15.85a 13.00b 14.31ab 0.508 0.008
 C17:0 1.94 1.83 1.89 0.079 0.714
 C18:0 17.10 18.46 18.90 0.800 0.518
 C20:0 1.62 1.80 1.46 0.067 0.133
 C21:0 0.82b 1.06a 0.96ab 0.038 0.018
 C22:0 1.75 1.80 1.62 0.091 0.545
Monounsaturated fatty acids
 C14:1 1.04 1.07 0.93 0.073 0.652
 C15:1 0.69 0.95 0.71 0.057 0.081
 C16:1 1.69a 1.45b 1.61ab 0.047 0.063
 C17:1 1.34 1.28 1.32 0.091 0.954
tran-9 C18:1 1.62 1.60 1.49 0.089 0.772
cis-9 C18:1 22.47a 17.91b 19.92ab 0.901 0.035
 C20:1n-9 0.74b 1.01a 0.71b 0.046 0.012
 C22:1n-9 0.56 0.88 0.76 0.068 0.154
n-6 Polyunsaturated fatty acids
 C18:2n-6t 0.95 1.06 1.10 0.051 0.514
 C18:2n-6c 11.46 11.27 10.97 0.380 0.809
 C18:3n-6 1.00 1.10 0.91 0.052 0.195
 C20:2n-6 0.83 1.01 0.83 0.048 0.113
 C20:3n-6 1.07 0.92 0.94 0.034 0.758
 C20:4n-6 1.79 1.99 1.97 0.057 0.689
 C22:2n-6 0.81 0.99 0.80 0.045 0.168
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids
 C18:3n-3 2.51b 3.80a 3.63a 0.130 0.001
 C20:3n-3 0.53 0.83 0.72 0.046 0.125
 C20:5n-3 1.01b 2.13a 2.04a 0.046 0.0001
 C22:6n-3 0.87b 1.28a 1.32a 0.066 0.020
Sum and ratio
 SFA 46.72 46.68 46.86 0.743 0.987
 MUFA 30.84a 26.97b 28.23ab 0.949 0.081
 PUFA 22.45b 26.38a 25.00ab 0.539 0.007
 n-3 PUFA 4.91b 8.04a 7.71a 0.249 <.0001
 n-6 PUFA 17.53 18.34 17.19 0.567 0.490
 n-3 LCPUFA 2.40b 4.25a 4.09a 0.196 <.0001
 n-6 LCPUFA 4.49 4.92 4.54 0.290 0.344
 n-6/n-3 3.57a 2.28b 2.23b 0.120 <.0001
 P/S 0.49 0.58 0.53 0.026 0.227
  1. a,b Means within the same row followed by the same superscript are not significantly different at P < 0.05
  2. 1 SFA saturated fatty acids (10:0 + 11:0 + 12:0 + 13:0 + 14:0 + 15:0 + 16:0 + 17:0 + 18:0 + 20:0 + 21:0 + 22:0 + 23:0 + 24:0), MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids (14:1 + 15:1 + 16:1 + 17:1 + tran-9 18:1 + cis-9 18:1 + 20:1 + 22:1 + 24:1), n-6 PUFA n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:2n-6t + 18:2n-6c + 18:3n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:2n-6), n-3 PUFA n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:3n-3 + 20:3n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:6n-3), n-6 LCPUFA n-6 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (20:2n-6 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:2n-6), n-3 LCPUFA n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (20:3n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:6n-3); n-6/n-3 n-6 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids/n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids; P/S polyunsaturated fatty acids/saturated fatty acids
  3. PMO palm oil diet, LSO linseed oil diet, MIX mixed oil diet