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Table 3 Fatty acid profiles (percentage of total identified fatty acids methyl esters) in muscles of kids fed diets containing oil supplements

From: Palm oil protects α-linolenic acid from rumen biohydrogenation and muscle oxidation in cashmere goat kids

  Longissimus dorsi Biceps femoris SEM main effects P-value
PMO LSO MIX PMO LSO MIX Diet Tissue Diet×Tissue
Total fat content (g/100 g fresh sample) 2.92 3.05 2.78 2.57 2.55 2.53 0.23 0.817 0.066 0.884
Saturated fatty acids
 C10:0 0.76 0.87 0.75 1.46 1.49 1.61 0.114 0.601 <.0001 0.212
 C12:0 0.72 0.88 0.71 1.38 1.49 1.36 0.129 0.061 <.0001 0.892
 C13:0 0.51 0.56 0.55 0.83 0.76 0.89 0.080 0.953 <.0001 0.663
 C14:0 1.75 2.01 2.10 2.40 2.79 2.51 0.261 0.055 <.0001 0.379
 C15:0 0.57 0.67 0.59 0.76 0.86 0.76 0.066 0.011 <.0001 0.896
 C16:0 17.2 16.72 17.54 17.05 17.06 17.1 1.041 0.701 0.889 0.768
 C17:0 4.89 5.16 5.24 1.36 1.49 1.42 0.428 0.534 <.0001 0.808
 C18:0 12.9 12.54 12.50 11.91 11.87 12.00 0.824 0.855 0.036 0.846
 C20:0 1.32 1.36 1.29 1.33 1.50 1.28 0.169 0.241 0.440 0.641
 C21:0 0.96c 1.04bc 0.89c 0.97c 1.18a 1.09ab 0.072 0.001 <.0001 0.049
 C22:0 0.91 1.05 0.91 1.37 1.48 1.36 0.168 0.152 <.0001 0.974
Monounsaturated fatty acids
 C14:1 0.41 0.47 0.48 0.67 0.72 0.65 0.076 0.268 <.0001 0.398
 C15:1 0.45 0.51 0.54 0.66 0.71 0.63 0.087 0.456 <.0001 0.377
 C16:1 1.63 1.73 1.85 2.15 2.03 2.25 0.141 0.040 <.0001 0.316
 C17:1 0.99b 1.07ab 1.25a 1.16ab 1.22a 1.11ab 0.141 0.274 0.218 0.047
tran-9 C18:1 0.99 1.00 1.05 0.99 1.03 1.01 0.098 0.779 0.905 0.905
cis-9 C18:1 39.05 36.82 36.44 33.10 32.08 32.74 1.664 0.132 <.0001 0.332
 C20:1 0.58 0.65 0.52 0.73 0.77 0.64 0.074 0.005 <.0001 0.963
 C24:1 0.50 0.59 0.52 0.82 0.80 0.82 0.125 0.904 <.0001 0.639
n-6 Polyunsaturated fatty acids
 C18:2n-6c 0.54 0.64 0.51 0.59 0.64 0.60 0.075 0.047 0.150 0.585
 C18:2n-6t 3.61c 3.64c 3.42c 7.09a 6.04b 6.69a 0.423 0.340 <.0001 0.007
 C18:3n-6 0.56a 0.60a 0.60a 0.57a 0.61a 0.46b 0.051 0.022 0.061 0.008
 C20:2n-6 0.68ab 0.76a 0.73ab 0.65b 0.68ab 0.50c 0.072 0.023 0.001 0.041
 C20:3n-6 0.77 0.78 0.71 0.82 0.78 0.72 0.087 0.119 0.700 0.834
 C20:4n-6 2.22 2.29 2.14 4.41 3.56 3.94 0.472 0.312 <.0001 0.167
 C22:2n-6 0.72 0.95 0.81 0.61 0.77 0.76 0.097 0.011 0.031 0.302
n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids
 C18:3n-3 1.39d 1.52cd 1.71c 1.35d 2.47a 2.10b 0.135 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
 C20:3n-3 0.79 0.91 0.97 0.63 0.67 0.59 0.085 0.150 <.0001 0.058
 C20:5n-3 1.12 1.22 1.51 1.39 1.62 1.62 0.154 0.002 0.001 0.256
 C22:6n-3 0.86c 1.04b 1.25a 0.77c 0.76c 0.86c 0.096 0.001 <.0001 0.015
Sum and ratio
 SFA 42.47 42.82 43.01 40.85 42.00 41.34 0.900 0.253 0.001 0.570
 MUFA 44.66 42.83 42.65 40.28 39.4 39.85 1.199 0.050 <.0001 0.393
 PUFA 12.88 14.35 14.34 18.87 18.61 18.81 1.254 0.492 <.0001 0.336
 n-3 PUFA 4.17 4.69 5.44 4.14 5.52 5.17 0.624 0.003 0.495 0.206
 n-6 PUFA 8.71 9.65 8.91 14.73 13.09 13.64 1.079 0.771 <.0001 0.077
 n-3 LCPUFA 2.78 3.16 3.73 2.78 3.05 3.07 0.537 0.089 0.246 0.432
 n-6 LCPUFA 4.41 4.79 4.38 6.48 5.78 5.91 0.569 0.587 <.0001 0.189
 n-6/n-3 2.09d 2.06d 1.64e 3.55a 2.37c 2.64b 0.131 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
 U/S 1.35 1.33 1.33 1.45 1.38 1.42 0.079 0.576 0.019 0.702
 P/S 0.30 0.34 0.33 0.46 0.44 0.46 0.040 0.754 <.0001 0.309
  1. a,b,c,d,e Interactions of diet and tissue means within a row without a common superscript letter differ (P < 0.05)
  2. 1 SFA saturated fatty acids (10:0 + 11:0 + 12:0 + 13:0 + 14:0 + 15:0 + 16:0 + 17:0 + 18:0 + 20:0 + 21:0 + 22:0 + 23:0 + 24:0), MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids (14:1 + 15:1 + 16:1 + 17:1 + tran-9 18:1 + cis-9 18:1 + 20:1 + 22:1 + 24:1), n-6 PUFA n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:2n-6t + 18:2n-6c + 18:3n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:2n-6), n-3 PUFA n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:3n-3 + 20:3n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:6n-3), n-6 LCPUFA n-6 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (20:2n-6 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:2n-6), n-3 LCPUFA n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (20:3n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:6n-3); n-6/n-3 n-6 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids/n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids; P/S polyunsaturated fatty acids/saturated fatty acids; U/S unsaturated fatty acids/saturated fatty acids
  3. PMO palm oil diet, LSO linseed oil diet, MIX mixed oil diet