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Table 1 Composition and analysis of experimental diets fed to cashmere goat kids

From: Palm oil protects α-linolenic acid from rumen biohydrogenation and muscle oxidation in cashmere goat kids

Item Day 1–30 Day 31–60 Day 61–90
PMO LSO MIX PMO LSO MIX PMO LSO MIX
Ingredient (% air dry basis)
 Alfalfa hay particles 25.00 25.00 25.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 12.50 12.50 12.50
 Maize straw particles 5.00 5.00 5.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 25.00 25.00 25.00
 Tall oat grass particles 20.00 20.00 20.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 12.50 12.50 12.50
 Corn 23.37 23.37 23.37 30.40 30.40 30.40 29.90 29.90 29.90
 Soybean meal 10.50 10.50 10.50 11.40 11.40 11.40 10.40 10.40 10.40
 Distillers dried grains with solubles 7.24 7.24 7.24 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
 Flax cake 4.80 4.80 4.80 3.50 3.50 3.50 4.50 4.50 4.50
 Linseed oil 0.00 2.00 1.33 0.00 2.00 1.33 0.00 2.50 1.67
 Palm oil 2.00 0.00 0.67 2.00 0.00 0.67 2.50 0.00 0.83
 Premixa 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
 Calcium carbonate 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
 CaHPO4 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
 Sodium chloride 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
 Sodium bicarbonate 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80
 Magnesium oxide 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Chemical composition
 Digestible energyb, MJ/kg DM 12.9 13.1 13.0 12.8 13.0 12.9 12.8 13.1 13.0
 CP, g/kg DM 188.2 188.1 188.1 158.8 158.7 158.8 151.5 151.4 151.4
 Ether extract, g/kg DM 54.1 51.8 52.6 46.0 43.7 44.4 49.1 46.3 47.2
 NDF, g/kg DM 430.3 431.2 431.1 427.6 427.4 427.5 436.3 436.1 436.1
 ADF, g/kg DM 230.7 231.7 231.0 235.2 235.3 235.2 240.5 240.3 240.2
 Calcium, g/kg DM 11.1 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.9 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.7
 Phosphorus, g/kg DM 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.3
Fatty acids (% of total)c
 C16:0 26.69 10.98 16.25 25.88 9.28 14.77 26.88 8.50 14.61
 C16:1 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.51 0.50 0.50 0.49 0.48 0.48
 C18:0 2.64 3.18 3.00 2.52 3.10 2.91 2.47 3.10 2.89
trans-9 C18:1 0.39 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.39 0.39 0.37 0.38 0.37
cis-9 C18:1 29.29 15.19 19.92 29.22 14.33 19.25 31.04 14.55 20.04
 C18:2n-6t 0.46 0.26 0.33 0.44 0.23 0.30 0.42 0.19 0.27
 C18:2n-6c 19.22 20.65 20.17 22.53 24.04 23.54 21.06 22.74 22.18
 C18:3n-3 8.58 35.59 26.53 6.40 34.91 25.50 5.73 37.30 26.81
 C20:5n-3 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.31 0.31 0.31
 C22:6n-3 0.66 0.36 0.46 0.73 0.42 0.52 0.73 0.38 0.50
 Saturated fatty acids 35.99 20.30 25.57 35.09 18.52 24.00 35.73 17.38 23.48
 Monounaturated fatty acids 32.10 19.27 23.57 32.06 18.51 22.99 33.77 18.77 23.75
 Polyunsaturated fatty acids 32.08 60.43 50.92 33.03 62.97 53.08 30.71 63.86 52.84
  1. a Provided per kg of premix: iron (Fe) 4 g, copper (Cu) 0.8 g, zinc (Zn) 5 g, manganese (Mn) 3 g, iodine (I) 30 mg, selenium (Se) 30 mg, cobalt (Co) 25 mg, vitamin A (VA) 600,000 IU, vitamin D (VD3) 250,000 IU, vitamin E (VE) 1,250 IU, vitamin K (VK3) 180 mg, vitamin B1 (VB1) 35 mg, vitamin B2 (VB2) 850 mg, vitamin B6 (VB6) 90 mg, nicotinic acid 2,200 mg, D-pantothenic acid 1,700 mg, vitamin B12 (VB12) 3 mg, biotin 14 mg, folic acid 150 mg
  2. b Digestible energy is calculated based on the ingredients of the diet and their digestible energy content, not based on the actual dry matter intake
  3. c Total fatty acids = saturated fatty acids (6:0 + 8:0 + 10:0 + 11:0 + 12:0 + 13:0 + 14:0 + 15:0 + 16:0 + 17:0 + 18:0 + 20:0 + 21:0 + 22:0 + 23:0 + 24:0) + monounsaturated fatty acids (14:1 + 15:1 + 16:1 + 17:1 + trans-9 18:1 + cis-9 18:1 + 20:1 + 22:1 + 24:1) + polyunsaturated fatty acids (18:2n-6t + 18:2n-6c + 18:3n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:2n-6 + 18:3n-3 + 20:3n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:6n-3)
  4. PMO palm oil diet, LSO linseed oil diet, MIX mixed oil diet