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Table 3 Effect of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on plasma hormones of growing-finishing pigs

From: Intrauterine growth restriction alters growth performance, plasma hormones, and small intestinal microbial communities in growing-finishing pigs

Items 25 kg BW group 50 kg BW group 100 kg BW group
NBW IUGR NBW IUGR NBW IUGR
Gastrin, ng/mL 0.48 ± 0.03 0.50 ± 0.02 2.87 ± 0.53 1.68 ± 0.18* 1.32 ± 0.15 1.49 ± 0.09
GH, ng/mL 17.50 ± 0.58 18.27 ± 0.63 47.38 ± 12.07 32.24 ± 4.43 29.13 ± 2.68 30.05 ± 2.05
Ghrelin, ng/mL 4.81 ± 0.23 5.81 ± 0.26* 21.34 ± 4.30 11.19 ± 1.30* 9.40 ± 1.24 10.62 ± 0.67
Glucagon, ng/mL 0.32 ± 0.01 0.33 ± 0.05 0.52 ± 0.13 0.59 ± 0.08 0.40 ± 0.04 0.43 ± 0.02
IGF-1, ng/mL 125.65 ± 5.09 140.27 ± 6.12 255.18 ± 21.76 399.38 ± 60.88* 284.78 ± 30.20 269.82 ± 12.57
Insulin, mIU/L 33.27 ± 0.93 29.72 ± 1.14* 37.65 ± 2.02 46.61 ± 3.42* 38.02 ± 4.64 37.52 ± 4.15
Leptin, ng/mL 10.69 ± 0.28 12.08 ± 0.74 17.88 ± 0.98 29.38 ± 4.94* 24.93 ± 3.04 22.99 ± 1.82
PP, ng/mL 2.09 ± 0.07 2.65 ± 0.10** 12.01 ± 1.50 6.81 ± 0.98** 6.82 ± 0.94 7.69 ± 0.70
PYY, pmol/mL 9.98 ± 0.39 14.91 ± 0.61** 28.54 ± 6.65 24.26 ± 4.98 19.83 ± 2.08 18.95 ± 1.09
SS, pg/mL 89.11 ± 3.17 98.44 ± 1.24* 193.49 ± 59.58 180.15 ± 36.94 145.80 ± 15.03 133.19 ± 10.92
  1. Data are presented as means ± SEM. The data presented are obtained from 10 animals in each group (n = 10). In the same row, values with * were significantly different from NBW pigs at P < 0.05 and values with ** were significantly different at P < 0.01. GH Growth hormone; IGF-1 Insulin-like growth factors-1, NBW Normal born weight, PP Pancreatic polypeptide, PYY Peptide YY, SS Somatostatin