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Table 1 Feed ingredient and nutrient composition of experimental diets (%, as-fed basis)

From: Different dietary starch sources alter the carcass traits, meat quality, and the profile of muscle amino acid and fatty acid in finishing pigs

Items Diet1
TS CS PS
Ingredient, %
 Tapioca starch 59.00   
 Corn starch   59.00  
 Pea starch    59.00
 Soybean meal 27.00 27.00 27.00
 Corn gluten meal 3.40 3.40 3.40
 Wheat bran 3.36 3.36 3.36
 Soybean oil 3.25 3.25 3.25
L-Lysine·HCl (98%) 0.30 0.30 0.30
DL-Methionine 0.13 0.13 0.13
L-Threonine 0.06 0.06 0.06
 Dicalcium phosphate 1.50 1.50 1.50
 Limestone 0.30 0.30 0.30
 Choline chloride (50%) 0.40 0.40 0.40
 Salt 0.30 0.30 0.30
 Vitamin and mineral premix2 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Total 100.00 100.00 100.00
Calculated content
 ME3, MJ/kg 13.81 13.81 13.81
Standardized ileal digestible amino acids4, %
 Lysine 0.88 0.88 0.88
 Methionine + Cysteine 0.49 0.49 0.49
 Threonine 0.50 0.50 0.50
 Tryptophan 0.15 0.15 0.15
Analyzed nutrient composition
 Dry matter5, % 88.48 88.86 88.45
 Crude protein5, % 14.54 14.55 14.55
 Crude fat5, % 1.26 1.25 1.25
 Crude ash5, % 4.09 4.09 4.11
 Total starch, % DM 52.25 52.26 52.25
 Amylose/amylopectin 0.11 0.25 0.44
  1. 1TS: tapioca starch; CS: corn starch; PS: pea starch
  2. 2Provided per kilogram of complete diet: vitamin A, 15,000 IU; vitamin D3, 3,000 IU; vitamin E, 150 mg; vitamin K3, 3 mg; vitamin B1, 3 mg; vitamin B2, 6 mg; vitamin B6, 5 mg; vitamin B12, 0.03 mg; niacin, 45 mg; vitamin C, 250 mg; calcium pantothenate, 9 mg; folic acid, 1 mg; biotin, 0.3 mg; choline chloride, 500 mg; Fe (FeSO4·H2O), 170 mg; Cu (CuSO4·5H2O), 150 mg; I (KI), 0.90 mg; Se (Na2SeO3),0.2 mg; Zn (ZnSO4·H2O), 150 mg; Mg (MgO), 68 mg; Mn (MnSO4·H2O), 80 mg; Co (CoCl2), 0.3 mg
  3. 3ME = metabolized energy
  4. 4Values were estimated based on database of NRC [15]
  5. 5Analytical results obtained according to AOAC [16]