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Table 6 Ceca parameters of broiler chickens described by diet groups

From: Dried fruit pomace inclusion in poultry diet: growth performance, intestinal morphology and physiology

 Diet groups 
General VariablesCLCHALAHBLBHSLSHP-value
Ceca weight1*3.5 (0.4)3.6 (0.3)4.1 (0.5)3.9 (0.9)3.4 (0.3)3.0 (0.4)3.2 (0.43.8 (0.6)0.01
Digesta weight1*3.2 (0.7)3.1 (0.7)3.8 (1.2)3.6 (1.4)4.5 (0.9)4.1 (0.8)3.3 (0.9)3.5 (1.2)0.238
Ammonia2**0.34 (0.27–0.41)0.38 (0.28–0.44)0.33 (0.25–0.46)0.21 (0.19–0.3)0.27 (0.24–0.3)0.23 (0.21–0.26)0.24 (0.19–0.24)0.22 (0.19–0.28)0.003
Dry matter3*17.2 (2.1)16.4 (3.5)18.8 (3.3)15.1 (3.4)16.8 (2.2)17.9 (3.8)15.7 (2.6)17.6 (3)0.486
pH*6.5 (0.2)6.6 (0.2)6.7 (0.3)6.5 (0.2)6.1 (0.3)6.4 (0.6)6.4 (0.3)6.4 (0.32)0.078
Acetic acid4*78.7 (8.1)70.7 (11.6)68.1 (11.6)87.2 (6.1)92.2 (7.2)86.3 (8.8)90.1 (11.1)82 (9.7)< 0.001
Propionic acid4*6.6 (1.8)5.2 (1.5)5.4 (1.6)5.0 (0.6)3.4 (1.1)3.0 (0.9)2.9 (0.7)2.9 (1.1)< 0.001
Isobutyric acid4**0.78 (0.37–0.9)0.72 (0.63–0.77)0.74 (0.69–0.9)0.51 (0.33–0.63)0.51 (0.35–0.59)0.33 (0.23–0.74)0.35 (0.27–0.42)0.39 (0.29–0.63)0.011
Butyric acid4*16.9 (3.2)11.1 (3)11.7 (3.3)16.1 (3.5)19 (2.4)20.9 (3.5)19.6 (4.3)20.2 (3.3)< 0.001
Isovaleric acid4**0.78 (0.52–0.85)0.87 (0.76–1.1)0.85 (0.35–0.91)0.42 (0.31–0.53)0.42 (0.25–0.58)0.29 (0.19–0.31)0.28 (0.2–0.29)0.25 (0.2–0.37)< 0.001
Valeric acid4*1.16 (0.33)0.96 (0.26)0.93 (0.25)0.98 (0.24)0.93 (0.19)0.81 (0.21)0.78 (0.23)0.86 (0.17)0.204
Putrefactive short chain fatty acid4**2.7 (1.8–3.1)2.5 (2.3–3.1)2.5 (2.3–3.1)1.8 (1.6–2.4)1.9 (1.5–2.1)1.5 (1.2–1.8)1.4 (1.2–1.7)1.7 (1.5–1.8)0.002
Short chain fatty acid4*104.7 (7.9)89.6 (14.5)88.2 (16.2)110.2 (9.6)116.5 (8.3)111.7 (11.9)113.9 (12.5)107 (12.6)< 0.001
  1. CL Control diet with 3% of cellulose; CH control diet with 6% of cellulose; AL 3% inclusion level of apple pomace; AH 6% inclusion level of apple pomace; BL 3% inclusion level of blackcurrant pomace; BH 6% inclusion level of blackcurrant pomace; SL 3% inclusion level of strawberry pomace; SH 6% inclusion level of strawberry pomace. SD standard deviation; IR interquartile range 1 g/kg body weight. 2 mg/g of protein. 3 expressed as percentage. 4 μmol/g of digesta. *mean (SD), **median (RI)