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Table 3 Small intestine parameters of broiler chickens described by diet groups

From: Dried fruit pomace inclusion in poultry diet: growth performance, intestinal morphology and physiology

 Diet groups 
General variablesCLCHALAHBLBHSLSHP-value
Small intestine weight1*21.5 (1.2)27.1 (4.3)29.2 (2.2)31.1 (2.9)29.2 (2.3)29.3 (3.6)28.7 (1.2)28.7 (4.2)< 0.001
Digesta weight1*24.6 (5.6)19.0 (5.2)24.1 (6)26.8 (2.5)21.4 (3.8)21.5 (4.4)24.1 (5.5)26.2 (3.4)0.102
Viscosity2**1.9 (1.7–2)1.7 (1.6–1.8)2.3 (2–2.6)2.2 (2.2–2.5)1.8 (1.6–2)1.7 (1.6–1.9)1.6 (1.4–1.8)1.7 (1.4–2)0.003
pH*0.9 (0.8–1.0)1.6 (1.5–1.9)2.3 (1.9–2.9)1.9 (1.8–2.2)2 (1.9–2.2)2.1 (2.0–2.2)2.3 (2.2–2.4)2.7 (2.4–3.2)0.067
Acetic acid3*0.9 (0.4)1.7 (0.5)2.4 (0.6)2.0 (0.3)2.1 (0.2)1.9 (0.7)2.5 (0.5)2.8 (0.5)< 0.001
Butyric acid3**0.03 (0.01–0.03)0.03 (0.03–0.04)0.06 (0.05–0.06)0.09 (0.08–0.09)0.09 (0.09–0.1)0.09 (0.07–0.1)0.1 (0.1–0.12)0.12 (0.1–0.13)< 0.001
Putrefactive short chain fatty acid3**0.06 (0.03–0.07)0.08 (0.03–0.1)0.06 (0.03–0.09)0.08 (0.07–0.09)0.02 (0.02–0.03)0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.01 (0.01–0.02)0.01 (0.00–0.01)< 0.001
Short chain fatty acid3*1.0 (0.4)1.9 (0.6)2.6 (0.7)2.1 (0.3)2.2 (0.2)2.0 (0.8)2.6 (0.5)3 (0.5)< 0.001
α-glucosidase4*7.3 (1.6)6.4 (2.1)3.6 (1.9)4.3 (1.2)5.0 (0.9)6.3 (1.1)4.8 (1.4)1.4 (0.4)< 0.001
Maltase5**23.3 (19.9–27.6)19.5 (14.3–20.0)25.1 (22.4–28.6)27 (24.6–27.6)21.8 (18.8–23.3)21.9 (17.6–23.1)25.9 (21.8–27.6)27 (23.2–28.8)0.078
  1. CL Control diet with 3% of cellulose; CH control diet with 6% of cellulose; AL 3% inclusion level of apple pomace; AH 6% inclusion level of apple pomace; BL 3% inclusion level of blackcurrant pomace; BH 6% inclusion level of blackcurrant pomace; SL 3% inclusion level of strawberry pomace; SH 6% inclusion level of strawberry pomace. SD standard deviation; IR: interquartile range 1 g/kg body weight. 2 mPa·s (milliPascal-second). 3 μmol/g of digesta.4 μmol/h/g (μmol of the product formed per hour per gram of ileal digesta). 5 μmol/min/g of protein. *mean (SD), ** median (RI)