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Table 2 Histomorphological evaluation of small intestine and ceca of the broiler chickens

From: Dried fruit pomace inclusion in poultry diet: growth performance, intestinal morphology and physiology

 Diet groups 
General variablesCLCHALAHBLBHSLSHP-value
Villus height, mm
 Duodenum*3.2 (0.13)2.9 (0.4)2.6 (0.4)2.9 (0.6)3.1 (0.4)3.1 (0.4)3.0 (0.5)2.5 (0.4)0.068
 Jejunum*2.1 (0.5)1.8 (0.5)2.1 (0.4)1.8 (0.4)1.9 (.03)1.7 (0.3)1.9 (0.6)1.9 (0.4)0.774
 Ileum**1.24 (1.0–1.5)1 (0.8–1.0)1.3 (1.1–1.4)1.2 (1.1–1.4)0.9 (0.8–0.9)1.1 (1.0–1.4)1.1 (0.8–1.6)1 (0.9–1.1)0.056
Crypth depth, mm
 Duodenum*0.19 (0.01)0.2 (0.01)0.19 (0.03)0.23 (0.03)0.19 (0.05)0.21 (0.03)0.21 (0.04)0.18 (0.04)0.378
 Jejunum**0.19 (0.17–0.21)0.16 (0.14–0.19)0.22 (0.21–0.25)0.21 (0.19–0.22)0.22 (0.21–0.25)0.19 (0.15–0.21)0.19 (0.17–0.22)0.18 (0.17–0.19)0.197
 Ileum**0.17 (0.15–0.18)0.17 (0.16–0.19)0.17 (0.16–0.2)0.18 (0.16–0.2)0.19 (0.18–0.2)0.17 (0.17–0.2)0.18 (0.17–0.21)0.17 (0.15–0.19)0.703
Villus height/crypt depth ratio, mm/mm
 Duodenum*16.3 (1.2)14.5 (1.8)13.4 (3.2)12.5 (2.7)16.7 (4.5)14.7 (2.4)14.4 (2.5)13.9 (2.1)0.159
 Jejunum**10.9 (8.9–13)10.3 (10–10.6)10.2 (9.5–10.4)8.3 (7.0–9.6)8.7 (7.6–10.1)8 (8.0–8.1)9.8 (8.4–10.9)9.9 (9.4–10.3)0.177
 Ileum**7.5 (6.1–8.6)5.2 (4.8–5.8)7.3 (5.8–8.3)6.5 (6–8.7)4.8 (4.7–4.9)5.9 (5.7–6.9)5.9 (5.4–6.8)6.1 (4.4–6.6)0.022
Duodenum inflammation, n (%)        0.097
 Normal2 (33.3)2 (33.3)2 (33.3)6 (100)2 (33.3)2 (33.3)1 (16.7)4 (66.7) 
 Mild-Moderate4 (66.7)4 (66.7)4 (66.7)0 (0)4 (66.7)4 (66.7)5 (83.3)2 (33.3) 
Jejunum inflammation, n (%)        0.548
 Normal4 (66.7)1 (16.7)2 (33.3)3 (50)4 (66.7)4 (66.7)3 (50)4 (66.7) 
 Mild-Moderate2 (33.3)5 (83.3)4 (66.7)3 (50)2 (33.3)2 (33.3)3 (50)2 (33.3) 
Ileum inflammation, n (%)        0.619
 Normal4 (66.7)3 (50)1 (16.7)4 (66.7)2 (33.3)2 (33.3)3 (50)2 (33.3) 
 Mild-Moderate2 (33.3)3 (50)5 (83.3)2 (33.3)4 (66.7)4 (66.7)3 (50)4 (66.7) 
Ceca inflammation, n (%)        0.120
 Normal4 (66.7)3 (50)6 (100)3 (50)4 (66.7)6 (100)6 (100)5 (83.3) 
 Mild-Moderate2 (33.3)3 (50)0 (0)3 (50)2 (33.3)0 (0)0 (0)1 (16.7) 
  1. CL Control diet with 3% of cellulose; CH control diet with 6% of cellulose; AL 3% inclusion level of apple pomace; AH 6% inclusion level of apple pomace; BL 3% inclusion level of blackcurrant pomace; BH 6% inclusion level of blackcurrant pomace; SL 3% inclusion level of strawberry pomace; SH 6% inclusion level of strawberry pomace. SD standard deviation; IR interquartile range. *mean (SD), **median (RI)