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Table 1 Overview of medium-chain fatty acids and monoglycerides

From: Medium-chain fatty acids and monoglycerides as feed additives for pig production: towards gut health improvement and feed pathogen mitigation

 Compound nameChemical structureMolecular weight, DaMelting point, °CVisual appearanceSmell
Fatty AcidsCaproic acid (C6H12O2)116.2− 3.4Oily colorless liquidStrong
Caprylic acid (C8H16O2)144.216.5Oily colorless liquidModerate
Capric acid (C10H20O2)172.331.6White crystalline powderMild
Lauric acid (C12H24O2)200.343.8White powderMinor
MonoglyceridesGlycerol monocaproate / Monocaproin (C9H18O4)190.219.4Colorless liquidMinor
Glycerol monocaprylate / Monocaprylin (C11H22O4)218.335.6White powderMinor
Glycerol monocaprate / Monocaprin (C13H26O4)246.351.4White powderMinor
Glycerol monolaurate / Monolaurin (C15H30O4)274.462.5White granular powderMinor
  1. The smell level is ranked in the order of strong, moderate, mild, and minor. The molecular formula of each compound is provided in parentheses and the chemical structures of MCFAs are drawn in the deprotonated state.