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Table 3 Hematocrit and arterial concentration of gases, insulin, urea, and amino acids in sows during late gestation and in early and peak lactation

From: Net absorption and liver metabolism of amino acids and heat production of portal-drained viscera and liver in multiparous sows during transition and lactation

ItemDIM1SEMST1SEMP-value
 -10-3317 −0.50.51.52.53.54.55.56.5 DIMSTST×DIM
Hematocrit, %27.5ab28.1a27.0bc26.3c0.528.4a28.4a26.8b26.6b26.7b26.8b26.9b27.1b0.50.008< 0.0010.54
O2, mmol/L5.95.85.75.80.16.2a6.1a5.8b5.7b5.6b5.6b5.7b5.7b0.10.46< 0.0010.64
CO2, mmol/L27.2b26.5c29.1a28.5a0.327.1d27.0d28.2b28.8a28.3b27.9bc27.8bc27.4cd0.3< 0.001< 0.0010.008
Insulin, mmol/L62.2b46.3b90.3a107.9a7.729.9d224.7a90.9b90.0b66.1c42.6d39.9d29.3d10.1< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001
Urea, mmol/L3.7b3.9b3.3c6.2a0.24.4a4.3b4.3c4.3bc4.3bc4.3bc4.3c4.2d0.2< 0.001< 0.0010.02
Essential AA, μmol/L
 Lys97.0b90.3b133.9a84.5b12.086.1d114.1ab112.1ab116.7a108.3b99.7c88.4d85.9d8.40.005< 0.0010.77
 Met28.327.126.024.91.825.6d31.3a28.5b26.7cd27.5bc25.6d23.7e24.0de1.40.37< 0.0010.68
 Thr174.3189.6180.7163.314.1163.4d185.5ab186.3ab190.0a184.0b177.8c166.7d162.1d11.90.17< 0.0010.55
 Trp69.3a68.5a56.1b66.2a3.761.6d67.4ab68.0ab69.2a66.5bc64.8c61.9d60.8d3.5< 0.001< 0.0010.38
 Ile166.2a158.5a108.2b118.7b6.2126.5c147.0a143.3ab144.4ab141.0ab139.2b131.1c130.5c5.1< 0.001< 0.0010.88
 Leu205.4a182.6b139.7c151.2c10.0154.7c188.3a178.4b176.5b171.2b169.4b159.8c159.3c8.8< 0.001< 0.0010.44
 Val340.2a290.3b266.5b266.4b14.5271.4c307.5a304.1ab301.7ab295.5ab292.0b278.9c275.7c11.3< 0.001< 0.0010.51
 His82.281.582.789.44.377.6c85.0ab87.7a88.3a87.4a86.3a80.9bc78.2c4.00.09< 0.0010.71
 Phe107.2a103.6a84.3b102.8a5.488.3d102.9ab105.2ab106.8a103.8ab101.9b94.2c92.8cd5.1< 0.001< 0.0010.82
Non-essential AA, μmol/L
 Ala545.8a562.5a478.4b473.1b28.7454.5d545.1b580.8a548.0b531.7bc515.2c474.3d469.9d27.1< 0.001< 0.0010.04
 Asn23.9a20.9b10.1c21.1b1.812.1f18.0d21.9bc25.0a22.7b20.6c16.6de15.0e1.7< 0.001< 0.0010.03
 Asp41.8b40.0b46.7a49.1a2.136.7e43.8cd47.3b51.4a48.8b46.7bc42.0d38.4e1.80.001< 0.0010.57
 Cys205.9b204.6b260.5a200.8b7.9223.0a225.6a215.1b215.2b216.2b214.7b216.4b217.5b6.1< 0.001< 0.0010.33
 Glu254.1ab234.6bc269.3a225.5c13.5230.3c250.6ab255.7a253.5a251.0a249.3ab239.7bc236.7c10.50.01< 0.0010.09
 Gly821.7855.2778.2781.530.0793.6de799.2de780.3e822.2bc838.0a828.1ab810.1cd801.7cde16.90.16< 0.001< 0.001
 Pro501.4a475.5a320.3c416.4b26.5371.4e417.5cd444.1ab460.0a455.6a450.1a427.5bc401.0de21.3< 0.001< 0.0010.45
 Ser147.7a142.1a125.2b140.8a6.2130.4c146.1a139.0bc144.6a143.3ab140.8ab134.6c132.9c4.80.010< 0.0010.01
 Tyr120.6ab115.0b89.2c124.7a5.8103.3d117.4ab117.7ab120.1a116.5b113.8b107.0c103.4d5.3< 0.001< 0.0010.44
 Gln276.2c241.5d344.2b374.3a14.1290.0c308.6b318.0b339.2a338.1a317.0b290.2c271.4d13.1< 0.001< 0.0010.33
  1. a–fWithin a row and within a main effect (DIM, ST), means with different letters differ
  2. 1DIM days in milk, ST sampling time