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Table 3 Gene expression of CATs and arginine catabolic enzymes in the jejunum of broiler chickens

From: In vivo and in vitro protective effect of arginine against intestinal inflammatory response induced by Clostridium perfringens in broiler chickens

Itemsc   CAT d -1 CAT-2 CAT-3 iNOS e ARG2 f ADC g AGAT h
CON   1.00 1.03 1.01a 1.02a 1.02 1.03a 1.01
ARG   1.05 0.64 0.98a 1.02a 0.79 0.93a 0.59
CON+CP   1.38 1.01 1.28b 1.73b 1.31 1.35b 1.03
ARG + CP   1.09 0.61 0.89a 0.93a 0.99 0.79a 0.92
SEM   0.049 0.063 0.047 0.087 0.067 0.066 0.056
Main effect
 Arg 1.21 1.02 1.15 1.38 1.16 1.19 1.02
+ 1.07 0.62 0.93 0.98 0.88 0.87 0.76
 CP 1.03 0.84 0.99 1.02 0.92 0.98 0.80
+ 1.23 0.81 1.09 1.33 1.18 1.09 0.98
P-value
 Arg   0.169 0.001 0.008 0.003 0.028 0.006 0.008
 CP   0.022 0.789 0.209 0.018 0.048 0.432 0.059
 Interaction   0.060 0.994 0.023 0.003 0.661 0.041 0.089
  1. a,bDifferent letters indicate significant differences for the interaction effect (P ≤ 0.05)
  2. cCON group, received a basal diet; ARG group, fed a basal diet supplemented with 3 g/kg arginine; CON+CP group, received a basal diet and underwent C. perfringens challenge; ARG + CP group, given a basal diet supplemented with 3 g/kg arginine and underwent C. perfringens challenge
  3. dCAT Cationic amino acid transporter
  4. eiNOS Inducible nitric oxide synthase
  5. fARG2 Arginase2
  6. gADC Arginine decarboxylase
  7. hAGAT Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase