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Table 4 Effects of dietary BSF larva meal inclusion on haematochemical parameters of the piglets (n = 12, end of the trial)

From: Partially defatted black soldier fly larva meal inclusion in piglet diets: effects on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profile, gut morphology and histological features

Items  Dietary treatments SEM P-value
BSF0 BSF5 BSF10 Linear Quadratic
White blood cells, 106/mm3 13.10 14.99 14.85 0.869 0.435 0.591
Lymphocytes, % 55.73 50.13 60.24 2.167 0.368 0.033 0.086 0.305
Monocytes, % 3.92 4.00 4.78 0.167
Neutrophils, % 36.16 41.72 26.12 2.485 0.076 0.035
Eosinophils, % 3.81 3.78 8.39 0.801 0.078 0.299
Basophils, % 0.382 0.383 0.30 0.041 0.421 0.630
Red blood cells, 106/mm3 7.57 7.69 7.89 0.306 0.681 0.953
MCV, fL 57.35 57.23 57.40 0.354 0.948 0.849
Haematocrit, % 43.43 43.91 45.47 1.812 0.658 0.892
MCH, pg 18.17 18.76 19.35 0.366 0.204 0.997
MCHC, g/dL 31.78 32.90 33.90 0.687 0.224 0.968
RDW, fL 14.13 14.15 14.15 0.159 0.956 0.974
Haemoglobin, g/dL 13.81 14.39 14.77 0.562 0.506 0.932
Platelets, 106/mm3 197.18 195.00 181.42 11.946 0.602 0.827
MPV, fL 11.98 11.74 12.10 0.081 0.518 0.081
Procalcitonin, % 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.015 0.598 0.978
PDW, fL 8.56 8.14 7.81 0.323 0.366 0.955
GOT, IU/L 111.21 126.78 143.31 12.808 0.324 0.986
GPT, IU/L 59.73 63.15 55.38 2.068 0.380 0.206
ALP, IU/L 28.52 31.19 60.49 5.952 0.082 0.880
GGT, IU/L 43.49 48.30 40.26 2.463 0.589 0.223
Total protein, g/dL 6.67 6.02 5.98 0.194 0.163 0.460
Phosphorus, mg/dL 14.65 17.10 14.94 0.966 0.929 0.272
Iron, μg/dL 118.39 146.99 130.32 8.975 0.617 0.242
Magnesium, mEq/L 1.65 2.09 1.93 0.116 0.335 0.230
Uric acid, mg/dL 1.66 3.03 2.71 0.576 0.481 0.502
Cholesterol, mg/dL 52.31 55.41 51.30 2.647 0.869 0.533
Triglycerides, mg/dL 58.93 47.94 55.28 4.444 0.764 0.342
Creatinine, mg/dL 1.44 1.68 1.61 0.058 0.242 0.212
  1. BSF Black soldier fly; MCV mean corpuscular volume; MCH mean corpuscular haemoglobin; MCHC mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration; RDW red blood cell distribution width; MPV mean platelet volume; PDW platelet distribution width; GOT glutamic oxaloacetic transaminasi; GPT glutamate-pyruvate transaminasi; ALP alkaline phosphatase; GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase; SEM standard error of the mean. BSF0 = control diet; BSF5 = 5% inclusion level 5% inclusion level of black soldier fly meal; BSF10 = 10% inclusion level of black soldier fly meal