Skip to main content

Table 2 Effects of lactulose and hydrogen-rich water on small intestinal morphology in female piglets fed Fusarium mycotoxin-contaminated diet1, 2

From: Morphological and molecular response of small intestine to lactulose and hydrogen-rich water in female piglets fed Fusarium mycotoxins contaminated diet

Item NC MC MC + LAC MC + HRW SEM P-value
Duodenum
 Villus height, μm 386.08Aa 313.51Bb 366.65Aa 360.49Aa 6.86 < 0.001
 Crypt depth, μm 268.13 281.75 272.35 272.50 3.85 0.678
 Villus height: crypt depth ratio 1.45Aa 1.11Bb 1.36Aa 1.32Aa 0.03 0.001
Jejunum
 Villus height, μm 390.60Aa 322.41Bb 383.75Aa 380.46Aa 7.03 < 0.001
 Crypt depth, μm 246.11 240.94 247.31 231.89 2.73 0.172
 Villus height: crypt depth ratio 1.59Aa 1.34Bb 1.55Aa 1.64Aa 0.03 < 0.001
Ileum
 Villus height, μm 376.88Aa 334.76Bb 366.28Aa 363.09Aa 4.41 0.001
 Crypt depth, μm 240.35 235.78 240.00 257.36 3.36 0.097
 Villus height: crypt depth ratio 1.57a 1.43ab 1.53ab 1.41b 0.02 0.030
  1. Data are expressed as mean with standard error of mean (SEM)
  2. (A,B,a,b)Means in the same row not sharing the same lower (P < 0.05) or upper (P < 0.01) case superscript letters are significantly different
  3. 1 NC (negative control), basal diet; MC, Fusarium mycotoxin-contaminated diet; MC + LAC, MC diet + lactulose treatment; and MC + HRW, MC diet + hydrogen-rich water treatment
  4. 2 n = 5