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Table 7 Effect of FO and GL supplementation on plasma concentrations of metabolic hormones and metabolites

From: Effect of supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and/or β-glucans on performance, feeding behaviour and immune status of Holstein Friesian bull calves during the pre- and post-weaning periods

  Fish Oil (FO) β-Glucans (GL) Period (P) relative to weaning P-valuea
+ SED + SED Pre Peri Post SED FO GL P FO×GL FO×P GL×P
Hormones
 Insulin, μIU/mL 2.65 1.56 0.197 2.31 1.89 0.197 2.59 1.31 2.40 0.311 0.005 0.338 <.0001 0.0064 0.037 ns
 IGF, ng/mL 107.56 66.98 16.091 103.77 70.77 16.087 79.37 62.04 120.40 10.368 0.012 0.173 <.0001 ns 0.057 <.0001
Metabolites, mmol/L
 Glucose 4.00 3.55 0.139 3.99 3.55 0.139 3.78 3.57 3.97 0.139 0.001 0.002 0.0001 ns ns 0.058
 ΒHBA 0.27 0.27 0.018 0.26 0.29 0.018 0.12 0.31 0.38 0.011 0.930 0.195 <.0001 ns ns ns
 Urea 2.65 3.12 0.158 2.83 2.93 0.158 2.60 2.91 3.13 0.134 0.003 0.370 0.003 ns 0.003 ns
  1. aInteractions are described in the text when significant
  2. ns not significant