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Table 5 Effect of FO and GL supplementation on animal performance, rectal temperature and fecal scores

From: Effect of supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and/or β-glucans on performance, feeding behaviour and immune status of Holstein Friesian bull calves during the pre- and post-weaning periods

  Fish Oil (FO) β-Glucans (GL) Period (P) relative to weaning P-valuef
+ SED + SED Pre Post Post-turnout SEM FO GL P FO×GL FO×P GL×P
Start weight, kg 48.7 48.1 0.43 48.5 48.3 0.42      ns ns   ns ns ns
Weaning weight, kga 66.1 60.0 0.39 65.2 60.9 0.39      <.0001 <.0001   ns ns ns
Turnout weight, kgb 108.4 95.8 0.95 110.0 94.1 0.95      <.0001 <.0001   ns ns ns
End weight, kgc 162.4 152.6 1.48 162.4 152.6 1.45      <.0001 <.0001   0.04 ns ns
ADG, kg/dd 0.78 0.71 0.042 0.81 0.68 0.042 0.31 1.14 0.78 0.022 0.060 0.001 <.0001 ns <.0001 <.0001
Fecal scoree 2.15 2.15 0.080 2.1 2.2 0.08 2.06 2.24   0.056 0.984 0.098 0.002 ns ns ns
Rectal temperature, °C 38.86 38.63 0.057 38.69 38.81 0.057 38.69 38.81   0.046 < 0.0001 0.035 0.011 ns ns ns
  1. aWeaning weight = weight at end of milk feeding period
  2. bTurnout weight = weight at end of concentrate feeding and before turn out to grass
  3. cEnd weight = weight after 3 months at grass
  4. dADG = Average daily gain over a 172-day period starting on d 0 of the experiment
  5. eFecal score ranged from 1 to 4; 1 = firm, 2 = semi-solid, 3 = liquid, 4 = very liquid
  6. fInteractions are described in the text when significant
  7. ns not significant