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Table 1 Dose-dependent effect of MNP- lectin conjugates on sperm motility characteristics

From: Nanotechnology-based approach for safer enrichment of semen with best spermatozoa

Other motion characteristics Nanoparticles (μg) per 40 mL of extended semen P-value
0 (N = 18) 87.5 (N = 19) 175 (N = 15)
VAP, μm/s 63.9 ± 4.7a 77.6 ± 4.7a 88.8 ± 5.8b 0.04
VSL, μm/s 45.4 ± 2.3a 49.9 ± 2.3a 61.6 ± 2.8b < 0.03
VCL, μm/s 128 ± 11.8 156.6 ± 11.8 173.5 ± 14.4 0.09
ALH, μm 5.4 ± 0.6 6.4 ± 0.6 6.6 ± 0.7 NS
BCF, Hz 38.9 ± 1.3 38.3 ± 1.3 36.6 ± 1.6 NS
STR, % 73.9 ± 3.3 68.4 ± 3.3 71.9 ± 4.0 NS
LIN, % 38.8 ± 2.7 36.3 ± 2.7 39.0 ± 3.3 NS
  1. Table represents various sperm kinematic parameters, such as average path velocity (VAP), straight-line velocity (VSL), curve-linear velocity (VCL), head lateral amplitude (ALH), beat flagellum frequency (BCF), straightness (STR – VSL/VAP × 100), linearity (LIN – VSL/VCL × 100). Data are mean (±SEM) of N observations of at least 4 independent replicates using pooled semen doses. Different letters on the same line denote significant differences (P < 0.05)