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Fig. 7 | Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Fig. 7

From: Nanotechnology-based approach for safer enrichment of semen with best spermatozoa

Fig. 7

Motility (A) and velocity (B) characteristics of nanoselected spermatozoa following double or two-step removal. Total motile (total MOT), progressive (forward moving), rapid (fast), and static (dead/non-motile) spermatozoa with their corresponding average path (VAP), straight line (VSL), and curvelinear (VCL) velocities were assessed. Spermatozoa were standard non-selected (control) or successively nanoselected with Annexin-V (1-step) followed by Lectin (2-step) -MNP conjugates. Columns with different letters differ significantly (P < 0.05). Data are mean ± SEM of at least four independent replicates

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